Heparin-coated cardiopulmonary bypass circuits reduce the inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass circuit, improve biocompatibility and may protect the postoperative hemostasic mechanisms in routine coronary bypass operations. 'High-dose' aprotinin reduces bloodloss, transfusion needs, and re-explorations as a result of bleeding, and may have an additional role in reducing the inflammatory response of the body to cardiopulmonary bypass circuit. It has not been established, however, if the addition of a heparin-coated circuit to the intraoperative administration of 'high dose' aprotinin further reduces the whole-body inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass circuit and improves the postoperative clinical course of the patients who are undergoing coronary surgery. Thirty patients undergoing primary elective coronary artery bypass grafting were studied. All the patients received, intraoperatively, the serine-protease inhibitor aprotinin according to the 'Hammersmith' protocol and full heparin dose. Patients were randomly allocated to be treated either with a circuit completely coated with surface-bound heparin (n = 15) or with an uncoated, but otherwise identical, circuit (n = 15). Differences in the clinical course of the two groups of patients, as well as differences in the behavior of hematological and inflammatory (interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein) factors before, during and after bypass, were analyzed. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of bleeding and transfusional requirements, the time spent on a ventilator, or in duration of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). In all patients, a significant increase in the total white blood cell count, neutrophils, serum IL-6 and C-reactive protein occurred in relation to cardiopulmonary bypass. This was not influenced by heparin precoating of the circuit. In addition, there was an increase in the monocyte count during follow-up, and there was a trend towards higher monocyte counts in the patients who were treated with heparin-coated circuits. These results suggest that the addition of a heparin-coated circuit to the intraoperative 'high-dose' aprotinin therapy probably had little influence on the clinical course and on the time-course of the inflammatory parameters of the adult patients undergoing primary coronary surgery with a full heparinization protocol.

'High dose' aprotinin and heparin-coated circuits: clinical efficacy and inflammatory response / Parolari, A; Alamanni, F; Gherli, Tiziano; Salis, S; Spirito, R; Foieni, F; Rossi, F; Bertera, A; Oddono, P; Biglioli, P.. - In: CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0967-2109. - 7:1(1999), pp. 117-127. [10.1016/S0967-2109(98)00016-7]

'High dose' aprotinin and heparin-coated circuits: clinical efficacy and inflammatory response.

GHERLI, Tiziano;
1999

Abstract

Heparin-coated cardiopulmonary bypass circuits reduce the inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass circuit, improve biocompatibility and may protect the postoperative hemostasic mechanisms in routine coronary bypass operations. 'High-dose' aprotinin reduces bloodloss, transfusion needs, and re-explorations as a result of bleeding, and may have an additional role in reducing the inflammatory response of the body to cardiopulmonary bypass circuit. It has not been established, however, if the addition of a heparin-coated circuit to the intraoperative administration of 'high dose' aprotinin further reduces the whole-body inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass circuit and improves the postoperative clinical course of the patients who are undergoing coronary surgery. Thirty patients undergoing primary elective coronary artery bypass grafting were studied. All the patients received, intraoperatively, the serine-protease inhibitor aprotinin according to the 'Hammersmith' protocol and full heparin dose. Patients were randomly allocated to be treated either with a circuit completely coated with surface-bound heparin (n = 15) or with an uncoated, but otherwise identical, circuit (n = 15). Differences in the clinical course of the two groups of patients, as well as differences in the behavior of hematological and inflammatory (interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein) factors before, during and after bypass, were analyzed. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of bleeding and transfusional requirements, the time spent on a ventilator, or in duration of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). In all patients, a significant increase in the total white blood cell count, neutrophils, serum IL-6 and C-reactive protein occurred in relation to cardiopulmonary bypass. This was not influenced by heparin precoating of the circuit. In addition, there was an increase in the monocyte count during follow-up, and there was a trend towards higher monocyte counts in the patients who were treated with heparin-coated circuits. These results suggest that the addition of a heparin-coated circuit to the intraoperative 'high-dose' aprotinin therapy probably had little influence on the clinical course and on the time-course of the inflammatory parameters of the adult patients undergoing primary coronary surgery with a full heparinization protocol.
'High dose' aprotinin and heparin-coated circuits: clinical efficacy and inflammatory response / Parolari, A; Alamanni, F; Gherli, Tiziano; Salis, S; Spirito, R; Foieni, F; Rossi, F; Bertera, A; Oddono, P; Biglioli, P.. - In: CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0967-2109. - 7:1(1999), pp. 117-127. [10.1016/S0967-2109(98)00016-7]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2812424
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact