We extend the classical J-integral approach to calculate the energy release rate of cracks by prolonging the contour path of integration across a traction-transmitting interphase that accounts for various phenomena occurring within the gap region defined by the nominal crack surfaces. Illustrative examples show how the closed contours, together with a proper definition of the energy momentum tensor, account for the energy dissipation associated with material separation. For cracks surfaces subjected to cohesive forces, the procedure directly establishes an energetic balance à la Griffith. For cracks modeled as phase-fields, for which no neat material separation occurs, integration of a generalized energy momentum (GEM) tensor along the closed contour path that traverses the damaged material permits the calculation of the energy release rate and the residual elasticity of the completely damaged material.
Closed-path J-integral analysis of bridged and phase-field cracks / Ballarini, Roberto; Royer-Carfagni, Gianni. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. - ISSN 0021-8936. - 83:6(2016), p. 061008. [10.1115/1.4032986]
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