PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the correlation between pulmonary hemorrhage and pneumothorax in computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic fine needle aspiration (TTFNA), particularly its possible value as protection against the development of pneumotorax. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the CT images of 538 patients (364 males and 174 females, mean age 70 years, range 36-90 years) who underwent CT-guided TTFNA of pulmonary nodules between January 2008 and September 2013. The following CT findings were assessed: pulmonary hemorrhage (type 1, along the needle track; type 2, perilesional; low-grade, ≤6 mm; high-grade, >6 mm), pneumothorax, distance between the target nodule and the pleural surface, and emphysema. RESULTS: Pneumothorax occurred in 154 cases (28.6%) and pulmonary hemorrhage occurred in 144 cases (26.8%). The incidence of pneumothorax was lower in patients showing type 1 and high-grade pulmonary hemorrhage pattern. The incidence of pneumothorax in biopsies ≥30 mm from pleural surface was 26% (12/46) in cases showing this pattern, while it was 71.4% (30/42) when this pattern was not seen. Similarly, the incidence of pneumothorax in biopsies <30 mm from the pleural surface was 0% (0/28) in cases showing this hemorrhage pattern, while it was 19% (76/394) when this pattern was not seen. CONCLUSION: Pulmonary hemorrhage during TTFNA is a frequent event that protects against pneumothorax. A bleeding greater than 6 mm along the needle track is associated with lower incidence of pneumothorax, especially in biopsies deeper than 3 cm. © Turkish Society of Radiology 2014.

CT-guided biopsy of pulmonary nodules: Is pulmonary hemorrhage a complication or an advantage? / De Filippo, Massimo; Saba, Luca; Silva, Mario; Zagaria, Raffaella; Concari, Giorgio; Nizzoli, Rita; Bozzetti, Cecilia; Tiseo, Marcello; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Lipia, Stefano; Paladini, Ilaria; Macarini, Luca; Carrafello, Giampaolo; Brunese, Luca; Rotondo, Antonio; Rossi, Cristina. - In: DIAGNOSTIC AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 1305-3825. - 20:5(2014), pp. 421-425. [10.5152/dir.2014.14019]

CT-guided biopsy of pulmonary nodules: Is pulmonary hemorrhage a complication or an advantage?

DE FILIPPO, Massimo;SABA, Luca;SILVA, Mario;ZAGARIA, Raffaella;CONCARI, Giorgio;TISEO, Marcello;ARDIZZONI, Andrea;LIPIA, Stefano;PALADINI, Ilaria;ROSSI, Cristina
2014

Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the correlation between pulmonary hemorrhage and pneumothorax in computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic fine needle aspiration (TTFNA), particularly its possible value as protection against the development of pneumotorax. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the CT images of 538 patients (364 males and 174 females, mean age 70 years, range 36-90 years) who underwent CT-guided TTFNA of pulmonary nodules between January 2008 and September 2013. The following CT findings were assessed: pulmonary hemorrhage (type 1, along the needle track; type 2, perilesional; low-grade, ≤6 mm; high-grade, >6 mm), pneumothorax, distance between the target nodule and the pleural surface, and emphysema. RESULTS: Pneumothorax occurred in 154 cases (28.6%) and pulmonary hemorrhage occurred in 144 cases (26.8%). The incidence of pneumothorax was lower in patients showing type 1 and high-grade pulmonary hemorrhage pattern. The incidence of pneumothorax in biopsies ≥30 mm from pleural surface was 26% (12/46) in cases showing this pattern, while it was 71.4% (30/42) when this pattern was not seen. Similarly, the incidence of pneumothorax in biopsies <30 mm from the pleural surface was 0% (0/28) in cases showing this hemorrhage pattern, while it was 19% (76/394) when this pattern was not seen. CONCLUSION: Pulmonary hemorrhage during TTFNA is a frequent event that protects against pneumothorax. A bleeding greater than 6 mm along the needle track is associated with lower incidence of pneumothorax, especially in biopsies deeper than 3 cm. © Turkish Society of Radiology 2014.
CT-guided biopsy of pulmonary nodules: Is pulmonary hemorrhage a complication or an advantage? / De Filippo, Massimo; Saba, Luca; Silva, Mario; Zagaria, Raffaella; Concari, Giorgio; Nizzoli, Rita; Bozzetti, Cecilia; Tiseo, Marcello; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Lipia, Stefano; Paladini, Ilaria; Macarini, Luca; Carrafello, Giampaolo; Brunese, Luca; Rotondo, Antonio; Rossi, Cristina. - In: DIAGNOSTIC AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 1305-3825. - 20:5(2014), pp. 421-425. [10.5152/dir.2014.14019]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2810215
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