The velocity fields induced by regular breaking waves past a fixed bar on a 1:10 rigid plane slope were measured and analysed using a volumetric particle-tracking velocimetry system. Under specific conditions, the wave-mophological features interaction steepens the waves which eventually breaks. The geometry of the boundaries of the present experiments is common in natural environments, where reefs, sand and gravel bars, and submerged coastal structures, interact with the incoming wave field 'affecting' the transport budget of substances (sediment, nutrients and pollutants), with relevant consequences on the water quality. The aims of the present work are the analysis of the flow field in the breaker, the quantification of the terms in the equations usually adopted for modelling the flow and the turbulence. Two sets of attacking monochromatic wave trains with different periods and heights were used to generate a dataset of instantaneous velocity, which was further analysed to extract turbulence. The measurement volume extended from the wave crest to a portion of the domain below the wave trough. The balance of linear momentum for the average field and the balance of turbulence, were scrutinised and included all the terms in a 3D approach. The analysed data and results are original and novel because they include all the contributions derived from the 3D structure of a real flow field, and constitute a huge data set for calibration of numerical codes.

3D flow measurements in regular breaking waves past a fixed submerged bar on an impermeable plane slope / Clavero, M.; Longo, S.; Chiapponi, L.; Losada, M.A.. - In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0022-1120. - 802(2016), pp. 490-527. [10.1017/jfm.2016.483]

3D flow measurements in regular breaking waves past a fixed submerged bar on an impermeable plane slope

LONGO, Sandro Giovanni;CHIAPPONI, Luca;
2016

Abstract

The velocity fields induced by regular breaking waves past a fixed bar on a 1:10 rigid plane slope were measured and analysed using a volumetric particle-tracking velocimetry system. Under specific conditions, the wave-mophological features interaction steepens the waves which eventually breaks. The geometry of the boundaries of the present experiments is common in natural environments, where reefs, sand and gravel bars, and submerged coastal structures, interact with the incoming wave field 'affecting' the transport budget of substances (sediment, nutrients and pollutants), with relevant consequences on the water quality. The aims of the present work are the analysis of the flow field in the breaker, the quantification of the terms in the equations usually adopted for modelling the flow and the turbulence. Two sets of attacking monochromatic wave trains with different periods and heights were used to generate a dataset of instantaneous velocity, which was further analysed to extract turbulence. The measurement volume extended from the wave crest to a portion of the domain below the wave trough. The balance of linear momentum for the average field and the balance of turbulence, were scrutinised and included all the terms in a 3D approach. The analysed data and results are original and novel because they include all the contributions derived from the 3D structure of a real flow field, and constitute a huge data set for calibration of numerical codes.
3D flow measurements in regular breaking waves past a fixed submerged bar on an impermeable plane slope / Clavero, M.; Longo, S.; Chiapponi, L.; Losada, M.A.. - In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0022-1120. - 802(2016), pp. 490-527. [10.1017/jfm.2016.483]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2808408
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