Ocean waves are a huge largely unexploited energy resource, and the potential for extracting energy from waves is great. Research in this area is driven by the need to meet renewable-energy targets, but it is relatively immature compared to other renewable-energy technologies. This review introduces some device types that represent the state of the art of oscillating water column technology, a kind of wave energy converter (WEC). Unlike other works in literature, typically limited to specific aspects of WECs, in this paper, a system-wide perspective will be pursued, from the sea waves to the grid connection.
Review of oscillating water column converters / Delmonte, Nicola; Barater, Davide; Giuliani, Francesco; Cova, Paolo; Buticchi, Giampaolo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 0093-9994. - 52:2(2016), pp. 1698-1710. [10.1109/TIA.2015.2490629]