We study the dynamics of networks with inhibitory and excitatory leak-integrate-and-fire neurons with short-term synaptic plasticity in the presence of depressive and facilitating mechanisms. The dynamics is analyzed by a heterogeneous mean-field approximation, which allows us to keep track of the effects of structural disorder in the network. We describe the complex behavior of different classes of excitatory and inhibitory components, which give rise to a rich dynamical phase diagram as a function of the fraction of inhibitory neurons. Using the same mean-field approach, we study and solve a global inverse problem: reconstructing the degree probability distributions of the inhibitory and excitatory components and the fraction of inhibitory neurons from the knowledge of the average synaptic activity field. This approach unveils new perspectives on the numerical study of neural network dynamics and the possibility of using these models as a test bed for the analysis of experimental data.

Neural networks with excitatory and inhibitory components: direct and inverse problems by a mean field approach / Matteo di Volo, 1; Raffaella Burioni, *; Mario Casartelli, †; Roberto Livi, ‡; and Alessandro Vezzani, §. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. E. - ISSN 2470-0045. - 93:(2016), p. 012305. [10.1103/PhysRevE.93.012305]

Neural networks with excitatory and inhibitory components: direct and inverse problems by a mean field approach

BURIONI, Raffaella;CASARTELLI, Mario;
2016

Abstract

We study the dynamics of networks with inhibitory and excitatory leak-integrate-and-fire neurons with short-term synaptic plasticity in the presence of depressive and facilitating mechanisms. The dynamics is analyzed by a heterogeneous mean-field approximation, which allows us to keep track of the effects of structural disorder in the network. We describe the complex behavior of different classes of excitatory and inhibitory components, which give rise to a rich dynamical phase diagram as a function of the fraction of inhibitory neurons. Using the same mean-field approach, we study and solve a global inverse problem: reconstructing the degree probability distributions of the inhibitory and excitatory components and the fraction of inhibitory neurons from the knowledge of the average synaptic activity field. This approach unveils new perspectives on the numerical study of neural network dynamics and the possibility of using these models as a test bed for the analysis of experimental data.
Neural networks with excitatory and inhibitory components: direct and inverse problems by a mean field approach / Matteo di Volo, 1; Raffaella Burioni, *; Mario Casartelli, †; Roberto Livi, ‡; and Alessandro Vezzani, §. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. E. - ISSN 2470-0045. - 93:(2016), p. 012305. [10.1103/PhysRevE.93.012305]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2803354
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