OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the subpubic arch angle (SPA) measured by three-dimensional ultrasound is associated with the fetal occiput position at delivery and the mode of delivery. METHODS: Nulliparous women with an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy at ≥ 37 weeks' gestation were recruited from two tertiary centers between September 2013 and August 2015. All women underwent a three-dimensional transperineal ultrasound examination and the SPA was measured using the previously validated Oblique View Extended Imaging software. Data on the outcome of labor were obtained prospectively in all cases and the correlations between SPA and the fetal occiput position at delivery and the incidence of operative delivery were investigated. RESULTS: Overall, 368 women were included in the study. Fetal position at delivery was occiput anterior in 339 (92.1%) cases and occiput posterior (OP) in 29 (7.9%) cases. A significantly narrower SPA was found in the OP group compared with the occiput anterior group (104.4 ± 16.8° vs 116.4 ± 11.9°; P < 0.0001). The SPA was significantly narrower in women requiring obstetric intervention compared with in women with a spontaneous vaginal delivery. From multivariable logistic regression analysis, SPA and maternal height appeared to be significant predictors of both the fetal occiput position at delivery and the risk of operative delivery. The best cut-off value of SPA for predicting an OP position at delivery was 90.5°. CONCLUSION: A narrow SPA is associated with a higher risk of persistent OP position at delivery and of operative delivery.

Narrow subpubic arch angle is associated with higher risk of persistent occiput posterior position at delivery / Ghi, Tullio; Youssef, Aly; Martelli, Federica; Bellussi, Federica; Aiello, Elisa; Pilu, Gianluigi; Rizzo, Nicola; Frusca, Tiziana; Arduini, Domenico; Rizzo, Giuseppe. - In: ULTRASOUND IN OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-7692. - 48:4(2015), pp. 511-515. [10.1002/uog.15808]

Narrow subpubic arch angle is associated with higher risk of persistent occiput posterior position at delivery

GHI, Tullio;FRUSCA, Tiziana;
2015

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the subpubic arch angle (SPA) measured by three-dimensional ultrasound is associated with the fetal occiput position at delivery and the mode of delivery. METHODS: Nulliparous women with an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy at ≥ 37 weeks' gestation were recruited from two tertiary centers between September 2013 and August 2015. All women underwent a three-dimensional transperineal ultrasound examination and the SPA was measured using the previously validated Oblique View Extended Imaging software. Data on the outcome of labor were obtained prospectively in all cases and the correlations between SPA and the fetal occiput position at delivery and the incidence of operative delivery were investigated. RESULTS: Overall, 368 women were included in the study. Fetal position at delivery was occiput anterior in 339 (92.1%) cases and occiput posterior (OP) in 29 (7.9%) cases. A significantly narrower SPA was found in the OP group compared with the occiput anterior group (104.4 ± 16.8° vs 116.4 ± 11.9°; P < 0.0001). The SPA was significantly narrower in women requiring obstetric intervention compared with in women with a spontaneous vaginal delivery. From multivariable logistic regression analysis, SPA and maternal height appeared to be significant predictors of both the fetal occiput position at delivery and the risk of operative delivery. The best cut-off value of SPA for predicting an OP position at delivery was 90.5°. CONCLUSION: A narrow SPA is associated with a higher risk of persistent OP position at delivery and of operative delivery.
Narrow subpubic arch angle is associated with higher risk of persistent occiput posterior position at delivery / Ghi, Tullio; Youssef, Aly; Martelli, Federica; Bellussi, Federica; Aiello, Elisa; Pilu, Gianluigi; Rizzo, Nicola; Frusca, Tiziana; Arduini, Domenico; Rizzo, Giuseppe. - In: ULTRASOUND IN OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-7692. - 48:4(2015), pp. 511-515. [10.1002/uog.15808]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2801460
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