The causes of landslides generally invoked in the Northern Apennines of Italy do not fully explain some observed oriented distributions of large landslides along regional-scale tectonic structures (late orogenic antiforms). The aim of the work is to deeply explore the role of tectonics in controlling the development and arrangement of large landslides. Weemployed amultidisciplinary approach which took into account geomorphological and geological field data, topographic analysis and deep seismic reflection profiles integrated with previously published apatite fission track cooling ages, shallow geophysical and GPS data. In order to explore these relationships, the Valmozzola areawas selected as suitable case study, owing to the presence of clearly expressed relationships between recent extensional faults and related fractures and elements of active landslides. Moreover, in the Valmozzola area contractional tectonics acted to produce rock uplift and thus topographic growth. These processes caused hillslopes to approach their threshold angle, and promoted landslides triggered mainly by climate factors. The geological and geomorphological features characterizing the Valmozzola case study affect the entire study area, as they evolved during the sametectonic and climatic phases that characterized this part of theNorthern Apennines. Therefore, the results fromthe Valmozzola area act as a proxy to constrain the control exerted by tectonics on large landslides across a wider area. The distribution of the large landslides has been controlled by tectonics which determined lines of weakness and failure surfaces (passive role) affecting the slopes. On the other hand, tectonics also caused the topographic growth and over-steepening of the slopes (active role) that promoted the occurrence of large landslides. The distribution of large landslides may, therefore, highlight the existence of tectonic processes and it may be used as an indicator of regional-scale tectonic activity, once the geological and geomorphological framework is well constrained.

Tectonic control on the development and distribution of large landslides in the Northern Apennines (Italy) / Carlini, Mirko; Chelli, Alessandro; Vescovi, Paolo; Artoni, Andrea; Clemenzi, Luca; Tellini, Claudio; Torelli, Luigi. - In: GEOMORPHOLOGY. - ISSN 0169-555X. - 253(2016), pp. 425-437. [10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.10.028]

Tectonic control on the development and distribution of large landslides in the Northern Apennines (Italy)

CARLINI, Mirko;CHELLI, Alessandro;VESCOVI, Paolo;ARTONI, Andrea;CLEMENZI, Luca;TELLINI, Claudio;TORELLI, Luigi
2016

Abstract

The causes of landslides generally invoked in the Northern Apennines of Italy do not fully explain some observed oriented distributions of large landslides along regional-scale tectonic structures (late orogenic antiforms). The aim of the work is to deeply explore the role of tectonics in controlling the development and arrangement of large landslides. Weemployed amultidisciplinary approach which took into account geomorphological and geological field data, topographic analysis and deep seismic reflection profiles integrated with previously published apatite fission track cooling ages, shallow geophysical and GPS data. In order to explore these relationships, the Valmozzola areawas selected as suitable case study, owing to the presence of clearly expressed relationships between recent extensional faults and related fractures and elements of active landslides. Moreover, in the Valmozzola area contractional tectonics acted to produce rock uplift and thus topographic growth. These processes caused hillslopes to approach their threshold angle, and promoted landslides triggered mainly by climate factors. The geological and geomorphological features characterizing the Valmozzola case study affect the entire study area, as they evolved during the sametectonic and climatic phases that characterized this part of theNorthern Apennines. Therefore, the results fromthe Valmozzola area act as a proxy to constrain the control exerted by tectonics on large landslides across a wider area. The distribution of the large landslides has been controlled by tectonics which determined lines of weakness and failure surfaces (passive role) affecting the slopes. On the other hand, tectonics also caused the topographic growth and over-steepening of the slopes (active role) that promoted the occurrence of large landslides. The distribution of large landslides may, therefore, highlight the existence of tectonic processes and it may be used as an indicator of regional-scale tectonic activity, once the geological and geomorphological framework is well constrained.
Tectonic control on the development and distribution of large landslides in the Northern Apennines (Italy) / Carlini, Mirko; Chelli, Alessandro; Vescovi, Paolo; Artoni, Andrea; Clemenzi, Luca; Tellini, Claudio; Torelli, Luigi. - In: GEOMORPHOLOGY. - ISSN 0169-555X. - 253(2016), pp. 425-437. [10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.10.028]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2799107
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