Thin steel plates - with or without cutouts - are structural components largely used in several engineering applications as buildings, bridges, ships, airplanes and automobiles. However, if an axial compressive load is imposed to these panels an undesired instability phenomenon can occur: buckling. At a certain load magnitude the limit stress is reached and the plate suffers lateral displacements (out of plane) indicating the buckling occurrence. In plates an elastic buckling or an elasto-plastic buckling can occur, depending on dimensional, constructive or operational aspects. Therefore, in the present work, the Constructal Design method was adopted to investigate the influence of the type and shape of the cutout in the plate buckling. To do so, by means the finite element method (FEM), computational models were developed to simulate the elastic (linear) and elasto-plastic (nonlinear) plate buckling. Square and rectangular thin steel plates, simply supported in its four edges, with a centered cutout, were analyzed, being the objective function to maximize the buckling limit stress, avoiding the plate buckling occurrence. The square and rectangular plates have a ratio H/L (ratio between height and length of the plate) of 0.5 and 1.0, respectively. A value of 0.2 for the cutout volume fraction (ratio between the cutout volume and the total plate volume) was adopted for different types of cutout: elliptical, rectangular, hexagonal and diamond. The cutout shape variations were produced by the H0/L0 degree of freedom (which relates the characteristic dimensions of the cutout). The results showed that the cutout shape variation has a fundamental influence in the plate buckling behavior, determining if the buckling is elastic or elasto-plastic, allowing the definition of a buckling stress limit curve for each studied cutout type. In addition, it was observed that the Constructal Design method conduct to the definition of optimal geometries, reaching buckling stress limit improvements around 100%.

Constructal Design Applied to the Analysis of the Cutout Type and Cutout Shape Influences in the Mechanical Behavior of Thin Steel Plates Subjected to Buckling / Lorenzini, Giulio; Helbig, Daniel; Silva, Caio Cesar Cardoso da; Real, Mauro de Vasconcellos; Santos, Elizaldo Domingues dos; Isoldi, Liércio André; Rocha, Luiz Alberto Oliveira. - (2015), pp. 477-499. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Constructal Law & Second Law Conference (CLC 2015) tenutosi a Parma, Italy nel 18-19 May 2015.

Constructal Design Applied to the Analysis of the Cutout Type and Cutout Shape Influences in the Mechanical Behavior of Thin Steel Plates Subjected to Buckling

LORENZINI, Giulio;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Thin steel plates - with or without cutouts - are structural components largely used in several engineering applications as buildings, bridges, ships, airplanes and automobiles. However, if an axial compressive load is imposed to these panels an undesired instability phenomenon can occur: buckling. At a certain load magnitude the limit stress is reached and the plate suffers lateral displacements (out of plane) indicating the buckling occurrence. In plates an elastic buckling or an elasto-plastic buckling can occur, depending on dimensional, constructive or operational aspects. Therefore, in the present work, the Constructal Design method was adopted to investigate the influence of the type and shape of the cutout in the plate buckling. To do so, by means the finite element method (FEM), computational models were developed to simulate the elastic (linear) and elasto-plastic (nonlinear) plate buckling. Square and rectangular thin steel plates, simply supported in its four edges, with a centered cutout, were analyzed, being the objective function to maximize the buckling limit stress, avoiding the plate buckling occurrence. The square and rectangular plates have a ratio H/L (ratio between height and length of the plate) of 0.5 and 1.0, respectively. A value of 0.2 for the cutout volume fraction (ratio between the cutout volume and the total plate volume) was adopted for different types of cutout: elliptical, rectangular, hexagonal and diamond. The cutout shape variations were produced by the H0/L0 degree of freedom (which relates the characteristic dimensions of the cutout). The results showed that the cutout shape variation has a fundamental influence in the plate buckling behavior, determining if the buckling is elastic or elasto-plastic, allowing the definition of a buckling stress limit curve for each studied cutout type. In addition, it was observed that the Constructal Design method conduct to the definition of optimal geometries, reaching buckling stress limit improvements around 100%.
978-88-97162-35-3
Constructal Design Applied to the Analysis of the Cutout Type and Cutout Shape Influences in the Mechanical Behavior of Thin Steel Plates Subjected to Buckling / Lorenzini, Giulio; Helbig, Daniel; Silva, Caio Cesar Cardoso da; Real, Mauro de Vasconcellos; Santos, Elizaldo Domingues dos; Isoldi, Liércio André; Rocha, Luiz Alberto Oliveira. - (2015), pp. 477-499. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Constructal Law & Second Law Conference (CLC 2015) tenutosi a Parma, Italy nel 18-19 May 2015.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2798603
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