In this paper I will argue that critical theory needs to make its socio-ontological commitments explicit, whilst on the other hand I will posit that contemporary social ontology needs to amend its formalistic approach by embodying a critical theory perspective. In the first part of my paper I will discuss how the question was posed in Horkheimer’s essays of the 1930s, which leave open two options: (1) a constructive inclusion of social ontology within social philosophy, or else (2) a program of social philosophy that excludes social ontology. Option (2) corresponds to Adorno’s position, which I argue is forced to recur to a hidden social ontology. Following option (1), I first develop a meta-critical analysis of Searle, arguing that his social ontology presupposes a notion of ‘recognition’ which it cannot account for. Furthermore, by means of a critical reading of Honneth, I argue that critical theory could incorporate a socio-ontological approach, giving value to the constitutive socio-ontological role of recognition and to the socio-ontological role of objectification. I will finish with a proposal for a socio-ontological characterization of reification which involves that the basic occurrence of recognition is to be grasped at the level of background practices

Ontology of the False State. On the Relation Between Critical Theory, Social Philosophy, and Social Ontology / Testa, Italo. - In: JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ONTOLOGY. - ISSN 2196-9655. - 1:2(2015), pp. 271-300. [10.1515/jso-2014-0025]

Ontology of the False State. On the Relation Between Critical Theory, Social Philosophy, and Social Ontology

TESTA, Italo
2015

Abstract

In this paper I will argue that critical theory needs to make its socio-ontological commitments explicit, whilst on the other hand I will posit that contemporary social ontology needs to amend its formalistic approach by embodying a critical theory perspective. In the first part of my paper I will discuss how the question was posed in Horkheimer’s essays of the 1930s, which leave open two options: (1) a constructive inclusion of social ontology within social philosophy, or else (2) a program of social philosophy that excludes social ontology. Option (2) corresponds to Adorno’s position, which I argue is forced to recur to a hidden social ontology. Following option (1), I first develop a meta-critical analysis of Searle, arguing that his social ontology presupposes a notion of ‘recognition’ which it cannot account for. Furthermore, by means of a critical reading of Honneth, I argue that critical theory could incorporate a socio-ontological approach, giving value to the constitutive socio-ontological role of recognition and to the socio-ontological role of objectification. I will finish with a proposal for a socio-ontological characterization of reification which involves that the basic occurrence of recognition is to be grasped at the level of background practices
Ontology of the False State. On the Relation Between Critical Theory, Social Philosophy, and Social Ontology / Testa, Italo. - In: JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ONTOLOGY. - ISSN 2196-9655. - 1:2(2015), pp. 271-300. [10.1515/jso-2014-0025]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2798188
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