Feline heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) infection is a severe, life-threatening disease. The eicosanoids are lipid mediators derived from the metabolism of the arachidonic acid, involved in the regulation of the immune response and of inflammatory reactions. In this study, naturally infected cats showed significant higher levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) than uninfected cats. Changes in the levels of eicosanoids during the infection were observed in experimentally infected cats. PGE2 increased significantly during the first 60 days post-infection, then progressively decreased until day 180 post-infection. At this time, PGE2 values are still significantly higher than those observed before the infection. TxB2 and LTB4 increased progressively from the beginning of infection and reached their maximum levels 180 days post-infection. In experimentally infected, ivermectin-treated cats, 15 days after treatment (45 days after infection) both PGE2 and LTB4 levels were similar to those observed in experimentally infected, untreated cats. No significant differences of PGE2 levels were found before the infection and at the end of the experiment (165 days post-treatment, 195 days post-infection). Increased levels of LTB4 were found 15 days post-treatment, afterward they progressively decreased. These data show that D. immitis infection influences the production of intravascular eicosanoids in cats. The high levels of PGE2 observed in the early phase of infection could be related to the survival of the worms, while those of TxB2 and LTB4 detected at the end of the study could mediate the inflammatory reactions and thrombi formation during the feline dirofilariosis

Changes in the levels of eicosanoids in cats naturally and experimentally infected with Dirofilaria immitis / MORCHON R; ROCA F; LOPEZ-BELMONTE J; GENCHI M; VENCO L; RODRIGUEZ-BARBERO A; SIMON F. - In: VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY. - ISSN 0304-4017. - 147(2007), pp. 271-275.

Changes in the levels of eicosanoids in cats naturally and experimentally infected with Dirofilaria immitis

GENCHI, Marco;
2007

Abstract

Feline heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) infection is a severe, life-threatening disease. The eicosanoids are lipid mediators derived from the metabolism of the arachidonic acid, involved in the regulation of the immune response and of inflammatory reactions. In this study, naturally infected cats showed significant higher levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) than uninfected cats. Changes in the levels of eicosanoids during the infection were observed in experimentally infected cats. PGE2 increased significantly during the first 60 days post-infection, then progressively decreased until day 180 post-infection. At this time, PGE2 values are still significantly higher than those observed before the infection. TxB2 and LTB4 increased progressively from the beginning of infection and reached their maximum levels 180 days post-infection. In experimentally infected, ivermectin-treated cats, 15 days after treatment (45 days after infection) both PGE2 and LTB4 levels were similar to those observed in experimentally infected, untreated cats. No significant differences of PGE2 levels were found before the infection and at the end of the experiment (165 days post-treatment, 195 days post-infection). Increased levels of LTB4 were found 15 days post-treatment, afterward they progressively decreased. These data show that D. immitis infection influences the production of intravascular eicosanoids in cats. The high levels of PGE2 observed in the early phase of infection could be related to the survival of the worms, while those of TxB2 and LTB4 detected at the end of the study could mediate the inflammatory reactions and thrombi formation during the feline dirofilariosis
Changes in the levels of eicosanoids in cats naturally and experimentally infected with Dirofilaria immitis / MORCHON R; ROCA F; LOPEZ-BELMONTE J; GENCHI M; VENCO L; RODRIGUEZ-BARBERO A; SIMON F. - In: VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY. - ISSN 0304-4017. - 147(2007), pp. 271-275.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2797402
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