In the present paper, the multiaxial fatigue lifetime of structural components failing in the high-cycle fatigue regime is evaluated by employing the modified Carpinteri-Spagnoli (C-S) multiaxial fatigue criterion based on the critical plane approach. In the above criterion, the critical plane position is linked to averaged principal stress directions through an off-angle . Then, the fatigue damage parameter used is determined by a nonlinear combination of an equivalent normal stress amplitude and the shear stress amplitude acting on the critical plane. In the present paper, some modifications of the original expression for the off-angle are implemented in the modified C-S criterion. In particular, modified expressions recently proposed by Łagoda et al. are in accordance with the assumption originally developed by Carpinteri and co-workers, that is, the off-angle is a function of the ratio between the fatigue limit under fully reversed shear stress and that under fully reversed normal stress. Such expressions can be employed for metals ranging from mild to very hard fatigue behaviour. Some experimental data available in the literature are compared with the theoretical estimations and, only for materials with hard and very hard fatigue behaviour, the modified relationships are shown to yield fatigue lifetime results slightly better than those determined through the original expression.
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