Biochar incorporation in agricultural soils has been proposed as a climate change mitigation strategy and has proved to substantially increase crop productivity via physical, chemical and biological mechanisms. The changes induced in soil properties are known to have a direct impact on soil ecosystem with consequences for soil biota community that, in turn, can influence biochar aging in soil. Despite several studies investigated in the interplay between biochar and soil microbiology, there is a clear lack of information on groups that live in the most superficial ground layers: soil meso and macro fauna. These groups are of great importance if we consider that biochar application should ideally be located in the soil's surface layer (0–30 cm). Our study is the first attempt to investigate the interactions between biochar soil amendments and aboveground soil macro-meso fauna in a field crop. This was made setting-up a randomized-block experiment on a processing tomato crop in northern Italy, using three different biochar types and periodically monitoring soil parameters and fauna abundances along the crop growing cycle in summer 2013. Results show that the impact of biochar application on soil fauna as a whole is small when compared to that of agricultural management, suggesting that this amendment does not have short-term ecological interferences. Nevertheless, ants exhibited variations in abundances and distribution connected to properties of amended soils such as temperature, pH and humidity, proving that they can be effectively used as a target group in the study of interactions between biochar and soil biota.

Biochar-macrofauna interplay: Searching for new bioindicators / CASTRACANI, Cristina; Maienza, A; GRASSO, Donato Antonio; Genesio, L.; MALCEVSCHI, Alessio; Miglietta, F.; Vaccari, F. P.; MORI, Alessandra. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 536(2015), pp. 449-456. [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.07.019]

Biochar-macrofauna interplay: Searching for new bioindicators

CASTRACANI, Cristina
;
GRASSO, Donato Antonio;MALCEVSCHI, Alessio;MORI, Alessandra
2015

Abstract

Biochar incorporation in agricultural soils has been proposed as a climate change mitigation strategy and has proved to substantially increase crop productivity via physical, chemical and biological mechanisms. The changes induced in soil properties are known to have a direct impact on soil ecosystem with consequences for soil biota community that, in turn, can influence biochar aging in soil. Despite several studies investigated in the interplay between biochar and soil microbiology, there is a clear lack of information on groups that live in the most superficial ground layers: soil meso and macro fauna. These groups are of great importance if we consider that biochar application should ideally be located in the soil's surface layer (0–30 cm). Our study is the first attempt to investigate the interactions between biochar soil amendments and aboveground soil macro-meso fauna in a field crop. This was made setting-up a randomized-block experiment on a processing tomato crop in northern Italy, using three different biochar types and periodically monitoring soil parameters and fauna abundances along the crop growing cycle in summer 2013. Results show that the impact of biochar application on soil fauna as a whole is small when compared to that of agricultural management, suggesting that this amendment does not have short-term ecological interferences. Nevertheless, ants exhibited variations in abundances and distribution connected to properties of amended soils such as temperature, pH and humidity, proving that they can be effectively used as a target group in the study of interactions between biochar and soil biota.
Biochar-macrofauna interplay: Searching for new bioindicators / CASTRACANI, Cristina; Maienza, A; GRASSO, Donato Antonio; Genesio, L.; MALCEVSCHI, Alessio; Miglietta, F.; Vaccari, F. P.; MORI, Alessandra. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 536(2015), pp. 449-456. [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.07.019]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2795840
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