Platelet-derived MPs (PMPs) are a heterogeneous population of microvesicles released from platelets upon activation and apoptosis. Different platelet activations may affect PMP protein profiles and roles in intercellular communication. Here, we performed a quantitative proteomics study to characterize the protein content of PMPs generated by four differentially activated platelet samples. We selected known physiological agonists for platelet activation such as ADP, thrombin and collagen. Thrombin, which is mostly used to generate PMPs in vitro, was set as control. Platelets were activated by following a known agonist strength scale in which ADP was the weakest activation and thrombin and collagen stimulations were the strongest ones. Our proteomic analysis allowed the quantification of 3383 proteins, of which 428 membrane and 131 soluble proteins were found as significantly different in at least one of the analyzed conditions. Activation with stronger agonists led to the enrichment of proteins related to platelet activation in PMPs. In addition, proteins involved in platelet degranulation and proteins from the electron transport chain were less abundant in PMPs when stronger activation was used. Collectively, our data describe the most detailed characterization of PMPs after platelet physiological activation. Furthermore, we show that PMP protein content is highly dependent on the type of physiological agonist involved in platelet stimulation.
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