Organic cation transporters (OCT1-3) mediate the transport of organic cations including inhaled drugs across the cell membrane, although their role in lung epithelium hasn't been well understood yet. We address here the expression and functional activity of OCT1-3 in human airway epithelial cells A549, Calu-3 and NCl-H441. Kinetic and inhibition analyses, employing [(3)H]1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) as substrate, and the compounds quinidine, prostaglandine E2 (PGE2) and corticosterone as preferential inhibitors of OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3, respectively, have been performed. A549 cells present a robust MPP+ uptake mediated by one high-affinity component (Km~50μM) which is identifiable with OCT3. Corticosterone, indeed, completely inhibits MPP+ transport, while quinidine and PGE2 are inactive and SLC22A3/OCT3 silencing with siRNA markedly lowers MPP+ uptake. Conversely, Calu-3 exhibits both a high (Km<20μM) and a low affinity (Km>0.6mM) transport components, referable to OCT3 and OCT1, respectively, as demonstrated by the inhibition analysis performed at proper substrate concentrations and confirmed by the use of specific siRNA. These transporters are active also when cells are grown under air-liquid interface (ALI) conditions. Only a very modest saturable MPP+ uptake is measurable in NCl-H441 cells and the inhibitory effect of quinidine points to OCT1 as the subtype functionally involved in this model. Finally, the characterization of MPP+ transport in human bronchial BEAS-2B cells suggests that OCT1 and OCT3 are operative. These findings could help to identify in vitro models to be employed for studies concerning the specific involvement of each transporter in drug transportation.

Functional characterization of the organic cation transporters (OCTs) in human airway pulmonary epithelial cells / Ingoglia, Filippo; Visigalli, Rossana; Rotoli, Bianca Maria; Barilli, Amelia; Riccardi, Benedetta; Puccini, Paola; Dall'Asta, Valeria. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - 1848:7(2015), pp. 1563-1572. [10.1016/j.bbamem.2015.04.001]

Functional characterization of the organic cation transporters (OCTs) in human airway pulmonary epithelial cells

INGOGLIA, Filippo;VISIGALLI, Rossana;ROTOLI, Bianca Maria;BARILLI, Amelia;DALL'ASTA, Valeria
2015-01-01

Abstract

Organic cation transporters (OCT1-3) mediate the transport of organic cations including inhaled drugs across the cell membrane, although their role in lung epithelium hasn't been well understood yet. We address here the expression and functional activity of OCT1-3 in human airway epithelial cells A549, Calu-3 and NCl-H441. Kinetic and inhibition analyses, employing [(3)H]1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) as substrate, and the compounds quinidine, prostaglandine E2 (PGE2) and corticosterone as preferential inhibitors of OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3, respectively, have been performed. A549 cells present a robust MPP+ uptake mediated by one high-affinity component (Km~50μM) which is identifiable with OCT3. Corticosterone, indeed, completely inhibits MPP+ transport, while quinidine and PGE2 are inactive and SLC22A3/OCT3 silencing with siRNA markedly lowers MPP+ uptake. Conversely, Calu-3 exhibits both a high (Km<20μM) and a low affinity (Km>0.6mM) transport components, referable to OCT3 and OCT1, respectively, as demonstrated by the inhibition analysis performed at proper substrate concentrations and confirmed by the use of specific siRNA. These transporters are active also when cells are grown under air-liquid interface (ALI) conditions. Only a very modest saturable MPP+ uptake is measurable in NCl-H441 cells and the inhibitory effect of quinidine points to OCT1 as the subtype functionally involved in this model. Finally, the characterization of MPP+ transport in human bronchial BEAS-2B cells suggests that OCT1 and OCT3 are operative. These findings could help to identify in vitro models to be employed for studies concerning the specific involvement of each transporter in drug transportation.
Functional characterization of the organic cation transporters (OCTs) in human airway pulmonary epithelial cells / Ingoglia, Filippo; Visigalli, Rossana; Rotoli, Bianca Maria; Barilli, Amelia; Riccardi, Benedetta; Puccini, Paola; Dall'Asta, Valeria. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - 1848:7(2015), pp. 1563-1572. [10.1016/j.bbamem.2015.04.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2787971
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