Since airways represent the first barrier for inhaled particles, the effects of nanomaterials on the cells of Lung Blood Barrier (LBB) should be investigated. Previous findings showed that MWCNT impair airway barrier function and are toxic to macrophage lines [1]. Here we investigate the effects of nanotubes of imogolite (INT), a hydrated alumino-silicate with the formula (OH)3Al2O3SiOH, previously proposed by some of us as a possible negative control for HARN [2]. INT - i.d. 1 nm, BET 394 m2 g-1, total and microporous volume of 0.27 and 0.11 cm3 g-1, respectively - were synthesized via sol-gel procedure and found organized into fibres at FESEM [3]. As in vitro models of LBB cells, we used two murine macrophage cell lines (Raw264.7 and MH-S) and the human airway epithelial cells Calu-3. Cell viability was assessed with resazurin. RT-PCR was used to study the expression of NOS2 and ARG1, markers of, respectively, macrophage classical or alternative activations, and concentration of nitrites in the culture medium was measured as an indicator of NO production.. Epithelial barrier integrity was evaluated from the trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER). At the same doses, INT caused much smaller effects than MWCNT on macrophage viability, while no significant damage was observed up to 40 g/cm2 of monolayer for exposure times up to 24h. The incubation of macrophages with INT at doses as high as 120 g/cm2 for 72h did not alter either NOS2 or ARG1 expression nor increased NO production. In Calu-3 monolayers exposed to INT (120 g/cm2 for 7d) only modest TEER changes were recorded (< 20%). As a whole, in spite of their fibrous nature, INT appear not markedly toxic for in vitro models of LBB cells and could represent a low-toxicity reference for in vitro toxicological studies on HARN, should further tests confirm their inertness. [1] Bianca Maria Rotoli et al., 2008. Non-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes alter the paracellular permeability of human airway epithelial cells. Toxicol. Lett. 178:95-102. [2] Bice Fubini et al., 2010. Physico-chemical features of engineered nanoparticles relevant to their toxicity. Nanotoxicology, (DOI: 10.3109/17435390.2010.509519) [3] Ilaria Bottero et al. 2010. Synthesis and characterization of hybrid organic/inorganic nanotubes of the imogolite type and their behaviour towards methane adsorption. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (DOI: 10.1039/C0CP00438C) (Supported by MIUR-PRIN Grant No. 2007498XRF)

Nanotubes of imogolite do not activate macrophages and modestly perturb the barrier properties of airway epithelial cells in vitro / Bussolati, Ovidio; Rotoli, Bianca Maria; Zanello, Pier Paolo; Bonelli, Barbara; Zanzottera, Cristina; Garrone, Edoardo; Fenoglio, 2 Ivana; Fubini, Bice; Ghiazza, Mara; Bergamaschi, Enrico. - STAMPA. - (2011), pp. 90-90.

Nanotubes of imogolite do not activate macrophages and modestly perturb the barrier properties of airway epithelial cells in vitro

BUSSOLATI, Ovidio;ROTOLI, Bianca Maria;ZANELLO, Pier Paolo;BERGAMASCHI, Enrico
2011-01-01

Abstract

Since airways represent the first barrier for inhaled particles, the effects of nanomaterials on the cells of Lung Blood Barrier (LBB) should be investigated. Previous findings showed that MWCNT impair airway barrier function and are toxic to macrophage lines [1]. Here we investigate the effects of nanotubes of imogolite (INT), a hydrated alumino-silicate with the formula (OH)3Al2O3SiOH, previously proposed by some of us as a possible negative control for HARN [2]. INT - i.d. 1 nm, BET 394 m2 g-1, total and microporous volume of 0.27 and 0.11 cm3 g-1, respectively - were synthesized via sol-gel procedure and found organized into fibres at FESEM [3]. As in vitro models of LBB cells, we used two murine macrophage cell lines (Raw264.7 and MH-S) and the human airway epithelial cells Calu-3. Cell viability was assessed with resazurin. RT-PCR was used to study the expression of NOS2 and ARG1, markers of, respectively, macrophage classical or alternative activations, and concentration of nitrites in the culture medium was measured as an indicator of NO production.. Epithelial barrier integrity was evaluated from the trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER). At the same doses, INT caused much smaller effects than MWCNT on macrophage viability, while no significant damage was observed up to 40 g/cm2 of monolayer for exposure times up to 24h. The incubation of macrophages with INT at doses as high as 120 g/cm2 for 72h did not alter either NOS2 or ARG1 expression nor increased NO production. In Calu-3 monolayers exposed to INT (120 g/cm2 for 7d) only modest TEER changes were recorded (< 20%). As a whole, in spite of their fibrous nature, INT appear not markedly toxic for in vitro models of LBB cells and could represent a low-toxicity reference for in vitro toxicological studies on HARN, should further tests confirm their inertness. [1] Bianca Maria Rotoli et al., 2008. Non-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes alter the paracellular permeability of human airway epithelial cells. Toxicol. Lett. 178:95-102. [2] Bice Fubini et al., 2010. Physico-chemical features of engineered nanoparticles relevant to their toxicity. Nanotoxicology, (DOI: 10.3109/17435390.2010.509519) [3] Ilaria Bottero et al. 2010. Synthesis and characterization of hybrid organic/inorganic nanotubes of the imogolite type and their behaviour towards methane adsorption. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (DOI: 10.1039/C0CP00438C) (Supported by MIUR-PRIN Grant No. 2007498XRF)
Nanotubes of imogolite do not activate macrophages and modestly perturb the barrier properties of airway epithelial cells in vitro / Bussolati, Ovidio; Rotoli, Bianca Maria; Zanello, Pier Paolo; Bonelli, Barbara; Zanzottera, Cristina; Garrone, Edoardo; Fenoglio, 2 Ivana; Fubini, Bice; Ghiazza, Mara; Bergamaschi, Enrico. - STAMPA. - (2011), pp. 90-90.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2785711
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