Enzymes entrapped in wet, nanoporous silica gel have great potential as bioreactors for bioremediation because of their improved thermal, chemical, and mechanical stability with respect to enzymes in solution. The B isozyme of catechol 1,2 dioxygenase from Acinetobacter radioresistens and its mutants of Leu69 and Ala72, designed for an increased reactivity toward the environmental pollutant chlorocatechols, were encapsulated using alkoxysilanes and alkyl alkoxysilanes as precursors in varying proportions. Encapsulation of the mutants in a hydrophobic tetramethoxysilane/dimethoxydimethylsilane-based matrix yielded a remarkable 10- to 12-fold enhancement in reactivity toward chlorocatechols. These gels also showed a fivefold increase in relative reactivity toward chlorocatechols with respect to the natural substrate catechol, thus compensating for their relatively low activity for these substrates in solution. The encapsulated enzyme, unlike the enzyme in solution, proved resilient in assays carried out in urban wastewater and bacteria-contaminated solutions mimicking environmentally relevant conditions. Overall, the combination of a structure-based rational design of enzyme mutants, and the selection of a suitable encapsulation material, proved to be a powerful approach for the production and optimization of a potential bioremediation device, with increased activity and resistance toward bacterial degradation.

Ormosil gels doped with engineered catechol 1,2 dioxygenases for chlorocatechol bioremediation / Micalella, Chiara; Caglio, Raffaella; Mozzarelli, Andrea; Valetti, Francesca; Pessione, Enrica; Giunta, Carlo; Bruno, Stefano. - In: BIOTECHNOLOGY AND APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0885-4513. - 61:3(2014), pp. 297-303-n/a. [10.1002/bab.1162]

Ormosil gels doped with engineered catechol 1,2 dioxygenases for chlorocatechol bioremediation

MOZZARELLI, Andrea;BRUNO, Stefano
2014-01-01

Abstract

Enzymes entrapped in wet, nanoporous silica gel have great potential as bioreactors for bioremediation because of their improved thermal, chemical, and mechanical stability with respect to enzymes in solution. The B isozyme of catechol 1,2 dioxygenase from Acinetobacter radioresistens and its mutants of Leu69 and Ala72, designed for an increased reactivity toward the environmental pollutant chlorocatechols, were encapsulated using alkoxysilanes and alkyl alkoxysilanes as precursors in varying proportions. Encapsulation of the mutants in a hydrophobic tetramethoxysilane/dimethoxydimethylsilane-based matrix yielded a remarkable 10- to 12-fold enhancement in reactivity toward chlorocatechols. These gels also showed a fivefold increase in relative reactivity toward chlorocatechols with respect to the natural substrate catechol, thus compensating for their relatively low activity for these substrates in solution. The encapsulated enzyme, unlike the enzyme in solution, proved resilient in assays carried out in urban wastewater and bacteria-contaminated solutions mimicking environmentally relevant conditions. Overall, the combination of a structure-based rational design of enzyme mutants, and the selection of a suitable encapsulation material, proved to be a powerful approach for the production and optimization of a potential bioremediation device, with increased activity and resistance toward bacterial degradation.
Ormosil gels doped with engineered catechol 1,2 dioxygenases for chlorocatechol bioremediation / Micalella, Chiara; Caglio, Raffaella; Mozzarelli, Andrea; Valetti, Francesca; Pessione, Enrica; Giunta, Carlo; Bruno, Stefano. - In: BIOTECHNOLOGY AND APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0885-4513. - 61:3(2014), pp. 297-303-n/a. [10.1002/bab.1162]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2785229
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