OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of benign, hyperplastic, and malignant endometrial polyps and whether clinical data can predict histopathologic outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred nine patients with endometrial polyps who consecutively underwent hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps over 48 months were identified from our gynecologiconcology surgical database. Medical reports provided clinical data. Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: Histologically, 358 polyps (70.3%) were benign; 131 polyps (25.7%) had simple or complex endometrial hyperplasia, 16 polyps (3.1%) had hyperplasia with atypia, and 4 polyps (0.8%) were cancerous. Polyps were divided into group A and group B, according to the risk of malignancy (group A, benign; group B, atypical hyperplastic and cancerous). Age, menopause status, and hypertension were associated significantly with group B. CONCLUSION: Endometrial polyps rarely become malignant, but hyperplastic changes are more common. Age, menopause status, and hypertension may increase the risk of premalignant and malignant polyps. To achieve complete removal of the polyp and a reliable histologic analysis, operative hysteroscopy should be offered to. symptomatic patients or to patients with risk factors.
Histopathologic features and risk factors for benignity, hyperplasia, and cancer in endometrial polyps / Savelli, Luca; De Iaco, Pierandrea; Santini, Donatella; Rosati, Federica; Ghi, Tullio; Pignotti, Elettra; Bovicelli, Luciano. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9378. - 188:4(2003), p. 927-31.