Objective To evaluate the role of the brainstem-vermis (BV) and brainstem-tentorium (BT) angles in the differential diagnosis of upward rotation of the fetal cerebellar vermis. Methods The BV and BT angles were measured retrospectively on median sonographic views of the brain in 31 fetuses at 19-28 weeks' gestation with upward rotation of the cerebellar vermis due to Blake's pouch cyst (n = 12), Dandy-Walker malformation (n = 12) and cerebellar vermian hypoplasia (n = 7). Eighty normal fetuses at 20-24 weeks were included as controls. Results In the control group, BV and BT angles were 9.1 ± 3.5° (range, 4-17°) and 29.3 ± 5.8°(range, 21-44°), respectively. The BV angle was significantly increased in each of the three subgroups of anomalies: Blake's pouch cyst (23 ± 2.8°; range, 19-26°), vermian hypoplasia (34.9 ± 5.4°; range, 24-40°) and Dandy-Walker malformation (63.5 ± 17.6°; range, 45-112°), the angle increasing with increasing severity of the condition. The BT angle had a similar pattern but there was overlap among the different groups. Conclusion The BV angle and, to a lesser degree, the BT angle are simple and reproducible measurements that provide valuable additional information for the categorization of upward rotation of the fetal cerebellar vermis. From mid gestation, a BV angle > 45°is strongly suggestive of a Dandy-Walker malformation, while a measurement < 30°favors the diagnosis of a Blake's pouch cyst.

Brainstem-vermis and brainstem-tentorium angles allow accurate categorization of fetal upward rotation of cerebellar vermis / Volpe, P; Contro, E; De Musso, F; Ghi, T; Farina, A; Tempesta, A; Volpe, G; Rizzo, N; Pilu, G. - In: ULTRASOUND IN OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-7692. - 39:6(2012), pp. 632-5-635. [10.1002/uog.11101]

Brainstem-vermis and brainstem-tentorium angles allow accurate categorization of fetal upward rotation of cerebellar vermis

GHI, Tullio;
2012

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the role of the brainstem-vermis (BV) and brainstem-tentorium (BT) angles in the differential diagnosis of upward rotation of the fetal cerebellar vermis. Methods The BV and BT angles were measured retrospectively on median sonographic views of the brain in 31 fetuses at 19-28 weeks' gestation with upward rotation of the cerebellar vermis due to Blake's pouch cyst (n = 12), Dandy-Walker malformation (n = 12) and cerebellar vermian hypoplasia (n = 7). Eighty normal fetuses at 20-24 weeks were included as controls. Results In the control group, BV and BT angles were 9.1 ± 3.5° (range, 4-17°) and 29.3 ± 5.8°(range, 21-44°), respectively. The BV angle was significantly increased in each of the three subgroups of anomalies: Blake's pouch cyst (23 ± 2.8°; range, 19-26°), vermian hypoplasia (34.9 ± 5.4°; range, 24-40°) and Dandy-Walker malformation (63.5 ± 17.6°; range, 45-112°), the angle increasing with increasing severity of the condition. The BT angle had a similar pattern but there was overlap among the different groups. Conclusion The BV angle and, to a lesser degree, the BT angle are simple and reproducible measurements that provide valuable additional information for the categorization of upward rotation of the fetal cerebellar vermis. From mid gestation, a BV angle > 45°is strongly suggestive of a Dandy-Walker malformation, while a measurement < 30°favors the diagnosis of a Blake's pouch cyst.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2784401
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