AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of lixisenatide (LIXI), a once-daily prandial glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, as add-on to basal insulin (Basal+LIXI) versus once-daily rapid-acting insulin (Basal+RAI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Data were extracted from five randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy and safety of basal insulin+insulin glulisine (n=3) or basal insulin+LIXI (n=2). Patients in the Basal+LIXI cohort were matched to patients in the Basal+RAI cohort using propensity score matching. RESULTS: In the matched population, Basal+LIXI was twice as likely to reach composite outcomes of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) <7% and no symptomatic hypoglycaemia compared with the Basal+RAI group (odds ratio [OR]: 1.90; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01, 3.55; P=0.0455), as well as HbA1c <7% and no severe hypoglycaemia (OR: 1.97; 95 CI: 1.06, 3.66; P=0.0311). Furthermore, Basal+LIXI was more than twice as likely to reach HbA1c <7%, no weight gain and no symptomatic hypoglycaemia (OR: 2.58; 95% CI: 1.23, 5.40; P=0.0119). CONCLUSIONS: Both basal+LIXI and Basal+RAI improved glycaemic control in patients with T2DM with inadequate glycaemic control on basal insulin. Basal+LIXI offers an effective therapeutic option to advance basal insulin therapy, improving glucose control without weight gain and with less risk of hypoglycaemia than prandial insulin.
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su rivista|