Antihypertensive treatment is frequently needed in type 2 diabetes. In this study we measured the rates of total, oxidative, and nonoxidative glucose disposal, glycogen synthesis, glycolysis, endogenous glucose production, and lipid oxidation using a 4-h euglycemic (approximately 5 mmol/L) hyperinsulinemic (approximately 300 pmol/L) clamp in combination with a dual glucose tracer infusion ([3-(3)H]- and [U-14C] D-glucose) and indirect calorimetry in 40 nonobese subjects with type 2 diabetes. Subjects were studied twice: after a 4-week run-in period and after a 16-week period of double blind, randomized treatment with 4-6 mg/day lacidipine, a calcium channel blocker (n = 19), or 10-20 mg/day lisinopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (n = 21). Antihypertensive treatment resulted in a significant increase in total glucose disposal during insulin clamp as well as in basal and insulin-stimulated nonoxidative glucose disposal rates. On the contrary, oxidative glucose disposal was significantly decreased by antihypertensive treatment, mainly in the basal state. The changes in glucose disposal rates were not significantly different in subjects treated with lacidipine and in those treated with lisinopril. The suppression of endogenous glucose production during insulin clamp was significantly greater after lacidipine than after lisinopril. These results suggest that treatment of subjects with type 2 diabetes with either lacidipine or lisinopril has no adverse effect on glucose metabolism. Conversely, both drugs seem to improve insulin sensitivity.
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