Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation is a powerful tool for reverse genetics and functional genomic analysis in a wide variety of plants and fungi. Tuber spp. are ecologically important and gastronomically prized fungi ("truffles") with a cryptic life cycle, a subterranean habitat and a symbiotic, but also facultative saprophytic lifestyle. The genome of a representative member of this group of fungi has recently been sequenced. However, because of their poor genetic tractability, including transformation, truffles have so far eluded in-depth functional genomic investigations. Here we report that A. tumefaciens can infect Tuber borchii mycelia, thereby conveying its transfer DNA with the production of stably integrated transformants. We constructed two new binary plasmids (pABr1 and pABr3) and tested them as improved transformation vectors using the green fluorescent protein as reporter gene and hygromycin phosphotransferase as selection marker. Transformants were stable for at least 12 months of in vitro culture propagation and, as revealed by TAIL-PCR analysis, integration sites appear to be heterogeneous, with a preference for repeat element-containing genome sites.

Integrative gene transfer in the truffle Tuber borchii by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation / Brenna, A; Montanini, Barbara; Muggiano, E; Proietto, M; Filetici, P; Ottonello, Simone; Ballario, P.. - In: AMB EXPRESS. - ISSN 2191-0855. - 4:(2014). [10.1186/s13568-014-0043-x]

Integrative gene transfer in the truffle Tuber borchii by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation.

MONTANINI, Barbara;OTTONELLO, Simone;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation is a powerful tool for reverse genetics and functional genomic analysis in a wide variety of plants and fungi. Tuber spp. are ecologically important and gastronomically prized fungi ("truffles") with a cryptic life cycle, a subterranean habitat and a symbiotic, but also facultative saprophytic lifestyle. The genome of a representative member of this group of fungi has recently been sequenced. However, because of their poor genetic tractability, including transformation, truffles have so far eluded in-depth functional genomic investigations. Here we report that A. tumefaciens can infect Tuber borchii mycelia, thereby conveying its transfer DNA with the production of stably integrated transformants. We constructed two new binary plasmids (pABr1 and pABr3) and tested them as improved transformation vectors using the green fluorescent protein as reporter gene and hygromycin phosphotransferase as selection marker. Transformants were stable for at least 12 months of in vitro culture propagation and, as revealed by TAIL-PCR analysis, integration sites appear to be heterogeneous, with a preference for repeat element-containing genome sites.
Integrative gene transfer in the truffle Tuber borchii by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation / Brenna, A; Montanini, Barbara; Muggiano, E; Proietto, M; Filetici, P; Ottonello, Simone; Ballario, P.. - In: AMB EXPRESS. - ISSN 2191-0855. - 4:(2014). [10.1186/s13568-014-0043-x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2761357
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