Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plants are energy systems mainly composed of a gasifier and a combined cycle power plant. Since the gasification process usually requires oxygen as the oxidant, an Air Separation Unit (ASU) is also part of the plant. In this paper, an innovative system for power augmentation in IGCC plants is presented. The system is based on gas turbine inlet air cooling by means of liquid nitrogen spray. In fact, nitrogen is a product of the ASU, but is not always exploited. In the proposed plant, the nitrogen is first chilled and liquefied to be used for inlet air cooling or stored for later use. This system is not characterized by the limits of water evaporative cooling systems (where the lower temperature is limited by air saturation) and refrigeration cooling (in this case, the effectiveness is limited by the pressure drop in the heat exchanger). A thermodynamic model of the system is built by using a commercial code for the simulation of energy conversion systems. A sensitivity analysis on the main parameters is presented. Finally the model is used to study the capabilities of the system by imposing the real temperature profiles of different sites for a whole year and by comparing to traditional inlet air cooling strategies.

ANALYSIS OF AN INNOVATIVE INLET AIR COOLING SYSTEM BASED ON LIQUID NITROGEN EVAPORATION FOR IGCC POWER AUGMENTATION / Morini, Mirko; M., Pinelli; P., Spina; A., Vaccari; M., Venturini. - (2013), pp. 1-10.

ANALYSIS OF AN INNOVATIVE INLET AIR COOLING SYSTEM BASED ON LIQUID NITROGEN EVAPORATION FOR IGCC POWER AUGMENTATION

MORINI, Mirko;
2013

Abstract

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plants are energy systems mainly composed of a gasifier and a combined cycle power plant. Since the gasification process usually requires oxygen as the oxidant, an Air Separation Unit (ASU) is also part of the plant. In this paper, an innovative system for power augmentation in IGCC plants is presented. The system is based on gas turbine inlet air cooling by means of liquid nitrogen spray. In fact, nitrogen is a product of the ASU, but is not always exploited. In the proposed plant, the nitrogen is first chilled and liquefied to be used for inlet air cooling or stored for later use. This system is not characterized by the limits of water evaporative cooling systems (where the lower temperature is limited by air saturation) and refrigeration cooling (in this case, the effectiveness is limited by the pressure drop in the heat exchanger). A thermodynamic model of the system is built by using a commercial code for the simulation of energy conversion systems. A sensitivity analysis on the main parameters is presented. Finally the model is used to study the capabilities of the system by imposing the real temperature profiles of different sites for a whole year and by comparing to traditional inlet air cooling strategies.
ANALYSIS OF AN INNOVATIVE INLET AIR COOLING SYSTEM BASED ON LIQUID NITROGEN EVAPORATION FOR IGCC POWER AUGMENTATION / Morini, Mirko; M., Pinelli; P., Spina; A., Vaccari; M., Venturini. - (2013), pp. 1-10.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2757769
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact