In our experiments we study the tunneling between different sites of a periodic potential in the presence of an external force. As a consequence of Wannier-Stark localization of atomic wavefunctions inside the single lattice sites, Resonantly Enhanced Tunneling (RET) occurs when the spacing between energy levels in a potential well is equal to the field-induced energy shift between different wells. These resonances are an important modification to the smooth Landau-Zener formula. We observed \emph{RET} using Bose-Einstein condensates in accelerated optical lattice potentials. We have perfect control over the parameters of this system: the depth of the lattice U0, the recoil energy Erec and the peak density n0 in the dipole trap. The latter determines the nonlinear interaction energy of the system, which allowed us to study the behavior of condensates in different regimes of the nonlinearity. In the linear case, as predicted in the Wannier-Stark solution, we observed RET and we verified the dependence between the positions of the resonances and the lattice depth for tunneling between 1st, 2nd and 3rd neighboring sites. In the nonlinear regime, we observed a suppression of the resonances for increasing nonlinearity, in agreement with numerical simulations.

Alessandro Zenesini; Carlo Sias; Lignier Hans; Yeshpal Singh; Donatella Ciampini; Wimberger S; Riccardo Mannella; Oliver Morsch; Arimondo EnnioBose-Einstein Condensates in Optical Lattices: Resonantly Enhanced Tunneling and Nonlinear Effects / Alessandro Zenesini; Carlo Sias; Lignier Hans; Yeshpal Singh; Donatella Ciampini; Wimberger S; Riccardo Mannella; Oliver Morsch; Arimondo Ennio. - In: BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0003-0503. - (2007), p. BAPS.2007.MAR.P32.7.

Alessandro Zenesini; Carlo Sias; Lignier Hans; Yeshpal Singh; Donatella Ciampini; Wimberger S; Riccardo Mannella; Oliver Morsch; Arimondo EnnioBose-Einstein Condensates in Optical Lattices: Resonantly Enhanced Tunneling and Nonlinear Effects

WIMBERGER, Sandro Marcel;
2007

Abstract

In our experiments we study the tunneling between different sites of a periodic potential in the presence of an external force. As a consequence of Wannier-Stark localization of atomic wavefunctions inside the single lattice sites, Resonantly Enhanced Tunneling (RET) occurs when the spacing between energy levels in a potential well is equal to the field-induced energy shift between different wells. These resonances are an important modification to the smooth Landau-Zener formula. We observed \emph{RET} using Bose-Einstein condensates in accelerated optical lattice potentials. We have perfect control over the parameters of this system: the depth of the lattice U0, the recoil energy Erec and the peak density n0 in the dipole trap. The latter determines the nonlinear interaction energy of the system, which allowed us to study the behavior of condensates in different regimes of the nonlinearity. In the linear case, as predicted in the Wannier-Stark solution, we observed RET and we verified the dependence between the positions of the resonances and the lattice depth for tunneling between 1st, 2nd and 3rd neighboring sites. In the nonlinear regime, we observed a suppression of the resonances for increasing nonlinearity, in agreement with numerical simulations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2743701
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