he adiponectin gene has been identified as a susceptibility locus for metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. AIM: To examine the influence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of this gene (+276G>T and +45T>G) on circulating adiponectin concentrations, and to evaluate their relationship with adiposity and cardiometabolic risk factors in prepubertal children with and without abdominal obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 168 children (78M, 6-10 yr) were examined, divided into three groups based on waist circumference (WC). Auxological and biochemical parameters were measured by standard procedures. Adiponectin SNPs were genotyped using TaqMan allelic discrimination assays. RESULTS: Adiponectin concentration correlated inversely with measures of adiposity (rBMIz-score=-0.211, pBMIz-score=0.007; rwc=-0.210, pwc=0.008; rwc/height=-0.215, pwc/height=0.006), and was significantly influenced by blood glucose, insulin and systolic blood pressure (SBP). The +276T-allele carriers had higher SBP and diastolic BP compared to GG-homozygotes (p<0.05), and expressed higher obesity-related measures and lower adiponectin concentrations. As to the +45T>G SNP, the GGsubject had higher total cholesterol and LDL-C concentrations compared to the T-allele carriers (p<0.05), showing worse obesity measures, higher triglyceride, glucose and insulin and lower serum adiponectin values. CONCLUSION: Genetic variants of the adiponectin gene had an impact on adiposity, adiponectin concentrations and some cardiometabolic variables among prepubertal children.
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