Background: There have been few studies on the effects on alpine flora and vegetation of an increase in nutrient availability. Two main potential sources of increased nutrient availability in alpine ecosystems are enhanced mineralisation caused by climate warming and atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Little is known on how life history traits of different species are related at individual and community levels to enhanced nutrient availability. Aims: We investigated the effects of nitrogen and phosphorus addition on the modular growth, flowering and germination of four species: two snowbed specialists and two alpine generalists. Methods: We established in a late snowbed at the Gavia Pass, Italian Alps, a factorial experiment with four fertiliser treatments (N, P, Low N+P, and High N+P) and an unfertilised control. Nutrients were applied in 2003–2006 and we recorded the number of modules per individuals, total number of flowers, number of flowers per flowering module, and calculated the percentage of flowering modules in 2005 and 2006, and counted the number of seedlings in 2006. Results: The modular growth and flowering effort of the species appeared to be co-limited by N and P. The alpine generalists showed greater responses to fertilization in vegetative growth and flowering compared with snowbed specialists. The number of seedlings recorded indicated species-specific responses to nutrient addition. Conclusions: Our results suggest that enhanced nutrient availability stimulates modular growth and flowering effort in responsive alpine generalist species. This, in turn, could lead to an increase in their abundance, leading to changes in community structure in snowbeds with enhanced nutrient availability.

Effects of nutrient amendments on modular growth, flowering effort and reproduction of snowbed plants / Petraglia, Alessandro; Carbognani, Michele; Tomaselli, Marcello. - In: PLANT ECOLOGY & DIVERSITY. - ISSN 1755-0874. - 6:(2013), pp. 475-486. [10.1080/17550874.2013.795628]

Effects of nutrient amendments on modular growth, flowering effort and reproduction of snowbed plants

PETRAGLIA, Alessandro;CARBOGNANI, Michele;TOMASELLI, Marcello
2013

Abstract

Background: There have been few studies on the effects on alpine flora and vegetation of an increase in nutrient availability. Two main potential sources of increased nutrient availability in alpine ecosystems are enhanced mineralisation caused by climate warming and atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Little is known on how life history traits of different species are related at individual and community levels to enhanced nutrient availability. Aims: We investigated the effects of nitrogen and phosphorus addition on the modular growth, flowering and germination of four species: two snowbed specialists and two alpine generalists. Methods: We established in a late snowbed at the Gavia Pass, Italian Alps, a factorial experiment with four fertiliser treatments (N, P, Low N+P, and High N+P) and an unfertilised control. Nutrients were applied in 2003–2006 and we recorded the number of modules per individuals, total number of flowers, number of flowers per flowering module, and calculated the percentage of flowering modules in 2005 and 2006, and counted the number of seedlings in 2006. Results: The modular growth and flowering effort of the species appeared to be co-limited by N and P. The alpine generalists showed greater responses to fertilization in vegetative growth and flowering compared with snowbed specialists. The number of seedlings recorded indicated species-specific responses to nutrient addition. Conclusions: Our results suggest that enhanced nutrient availability stimulates modular growth and flowering effort in responsive alpine generalist species. This, in turn, could lead to an increase in their abundance, leading to changes in community structure in snowbeds with enhanced nutrient availability.
Effects of nutrient amendments on modular growth, flowering effort and reproduction of snowbed plants / Petraglia, Alessandro; Carbognani, Michele; Tomaselli, Marcello. - In: PLANT ECOLOGY & DIVERSITY. - ISSN 1755-0874. - 6:(2013), pp. 475-486. [10.1080/17550874.2013.795628]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2707897
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