During the last decades, Raman spectroscopy has grown to an established analytical technique in archaeometry, art analysis and conservation science. Mobile Raman instruments were designed to be used for in situ characterisation and identification of inorganic and organic materials in art and archaeometry. This research paper aims to point out several aspects that need to be considered when selecting a mobile Raman spectrometer for in situ archaeometrical studies. We describe an approach to evaluate these parameters and apply this to a dual laser portable Raman spectrometer. Twofold characterisation of mobile Raman instrumentation for art analysis: (i) investigation of spectroscopic characteristics such as (amongst others) spectral resolution, spectral window, signal to noise ratio and limit of detection; (ii) evaluation of specific properties that are useful for mobile studies in archaeometry. These include options for easy positioning and focussing, the ability to reduce laser power on the surface of the art object and the working distance between the probehead and the artefact. Finally, the research was completed with field tests by studying the pigments of a mediaeval wall painting.
Characterisation of a portable Raman spectrometer for in situ analysis of art objects / Debbie Lauwers;Anna Garcia Hutado;Vinka Tanevska;Luc Moens;Danilo Bersani;Peter Vandenabeele. - In: SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA. PART A, MOLECULAR AND BIOMOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY. - ISSN 1386-1425. - 118(2014), pp. 294-301. [10.1016/j.saa.2013.08.088]
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