The restoration of one of the most famous masterpieces of the Renaissance, the wall paintings regarding theAssumption of the Virgin Marypainted inside the dome of the Cathedral of Parma by Antonio Allegri called Correggio (1489–1534) between 1526 and 1530, allowed an in-depth chemical-physical study of materials. Non-invasive infrared imaging and spectroscopic techniques (reflectance spectrometry in the visible range and in-situ X-ray fluorescence) and micro-invasive analytical techniques (optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis, powder X-ray diffraction, micro-FTIR spectroscopy, micro-Raman spectroscopy, and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry) were chosen in order to provide the higher set of significant data, limiting as much as possible sampling. The joined use of different techniques allowed to deeply explore Correggio's palette, on the use ofafrescoand/ora seccotechnique, to study as well degradation products and the diffused and old restoration materials like consolidants. The study allowed the characterization of a wide range of pigments, the identification of the binding media, mainly egg and animal glue, the restoration materials (acrylic resins, paraffin waxes, various pigments) and the degradation products (calcium sulfate dihydrate and calcium oxalate).
An integrated multi-analytical approach to the study of the dome wall paintings by Correggio in Parma cathedral / D. BERSANI; M. BERZIOLI; S. CAGLIO; A. CASOLI; P.P. LOTTICI; L. MEDEGHINI; G. POLDI; P. ZANNINI. - In: MICROCHEMICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0026-265X. - 114C(2014), pp. 80-88. [10.1016/j.microc.2013.11.014]