Ethnopharmacological relevance The decoction of Terminalia chebula fruit is an ayurvedic remedy whose prolonged oral administration is prized as a generic intestinal and hepatic detoxifying agent. Its administration is suggested also under the perspective of a reduced risk of cancer, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Aim of the study To evaluate the phytochemical profile and the chemopreventive potential of Terminalia chebula fruit decoction prepared according to the ayurvedic decoction recipe. Materials and methods The quali- and quantitative metabolite profiling of polyphenols was obtained using HPLC–UV/DAD and HPLC-ESI-MS. The crude decoction and purified compounds were tested for their capability to interact with the EphA2-ephrin-A1 system and for their antimutagenic properties against dietary and environmental mutagens (AA, 2-NF, NaN3, and heterocyclic amines IQ, MeIQ, MeIQx, Glu-P1, Glu-P2,) in the Ames–Salmonella/microsome assay, with and without enzymatic induction. Results The decoction was found to contain 3,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-d-glucose (55.87 mg/g), chebulic acid (54.03 mg/g), β-punicalagin (41.25 mg/g), corilagin (40.31 mg/g), α-punicalagin (35.55 mg/g), chebulagic acid (29.09 mg/g), gallic acid (27.96 mg/g) 1,3,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-d-glucose (24.25 mg/g) chebulinic acid (20.23 mg/g), 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-d-glucose (13.53 mg/g), ellagic acid (8.00 mg/g), 1,6-di-O-galloyl-d-glucose (4.16 mg/g). An inhibitory effect was recorded in both Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains against the mutagenic activity of heterocyclic amines (22–61%), promutagen AA (91–97%) and directly acting mutagen 2-NF (52%) with but not against NaN3 (7%). Galloyl derivatives allowed an inhibition of mutagenicity induced by MeIQ above 80% at 0.01 mol/plate. Both decoction and purified compounds were able to modulate the EphA2-ephrinA1 system, suggesting a potential multiple chemopreventive mechanism. Conclusions The traditional ayurvedic decoction of Terminalia chebula may harbour a potential as a safe and low-cost chemopreventive agent at the intestinal level, if administered according to the ayurvedic specifications. Moreover, its recourse may enhance the presence of some polyphenolic constituents.

Metabolite profiling of polyphenols in a Terminalia chebula Retzius ayurvedic decoction and evaluation of its chemopreventive activity / Federica, Pellati; Bruni, Renato; Davide, Righi; Alessandro, Grandini; Tognolini, Massimiliano; Francesco Pio, Prencipe; Ferruccio, Poli; Stefania, Benvenuti; DEL RIO, Daniele; Damiano, Rossi. - In: JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0378-8741. - STAMPA. - 147:2(2013), pp. 277-285. [10.1016/j.jep.2013.02.025]

Metabolite profiling of polyphenols in a Terminalia chebula Retzius ayurvedic decoction and evaluation of its chemopreventive activity

BRUNI, Renato;TOGNOLINI, Massimiliano;DEL RIO, Daniele;
2013-01-01

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance The decoction of Terminalia chebula fruit is an ayurvedic remedy whose prolonged oral administration is prized as a generic intestinal and hepatic detoxifying agent. Its administration is suggested also under the perspective of a reduced risk of cancer, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Aim of the study To evaluate the phytochemical profile and the chemopreventive potential of Terminalia chebula fruit decoction prepared according to the ayurvedic decoction recipe. Materials and methods The quali- and quantitative metabolite profiling of polyphenols was obtained using HPLC–UV/DAD and HPLC-ESI-MS. The crude decoction and purified compounds were tested for their capability to interact with the EphA2-ephrin-A1 system and for their antimutagenic properties against dietary and environmental mutagens (AA, 2-NF, NaN3, and heterocyclic amines IQ, MeIQ, MeIQx, Glu-P1, Glu-P2,) in the Ames–Salmonella/microsome assay, with and without enzymatic induction. Results The decoction was found to contain 3,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-d-glucose (55.87 mg/g), chebulic acid (54.03 mg/g), β-punicalagin (41.25 mg/g), corilagin (40.31 mg/g), α-punicalagin (35.55 mg/g), chebulagic acid (29.09 mg/g), gallic acid (27.96 mg/g) 1,3,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-d-glucose (24.25 mg/g) chebulinic acid (20.23 mg/g), 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-d-glucose (13.53 mg/g), ellagic acid (8.00 mg/g), 1,6-di-O-galloyl-d-glucose (4.16 mg/g). An inhibitory effect was recorded in both Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains against the mutagenic activity of heterocyclic amines (22–61%), promutagen AA (91–97%) and directly acting mutagen 2-NF (52%) with but not against NaN3 (7%). Galloyl derivatives allowed an inhibition of mutagenicity induced by MeIQ above 80% at 0.01 mol/plate. Both decoction and purified compounds were able to modulate the EphA2-ephrinA1 system, suggesting a potential multiple chemopreventive mechanism. Conclusions The traditional ayurvedic decoction of Terminalia chebula may harbour a potential as a safe and low-cost chemopreventive agent at the intestinal level, if administered according to the ayurvedic specifications. Moreover, its recourse may enhance the presence of some polyphenolic constituents.
2013
Metabolite profiling of polyphenols in a Terminalia chebula Retzius ayurvedic decoction and evaluation of its chemopreventive activity / Federica, Pellati; Bruni, Renato; Davide, Righi; Alessandro, Grandini; Tognolini, Massimiliano; Francesco Pio, Prencipe; Ferruccio, Poli; Stefania, Benvenuti; DEL RIO, Daniele; Damiano, Rossi. - In: JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0378-8741. - STAMPA. - 147:2(2013), pp. 277-285. [10.1016/j.jep.2013.02.025]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2592047
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