Objectives: To examine factors involved in clinical success of miniscrew implants used for orthodontic anchorage in the upper jaw. Materials and methods: One hundred and forty-four patients (93 females and 51 males) were fitted with a total of 324 miniscrew implants of two different morphologies (cylindrical and conical), and of different lengths and diameters. The clinical factors examined were screw length, side of insertion, miniscrew shape and diameter, bone quality, skeletal type, and relationship between bone quality and skeletal type and patient age. Results: The mean overall success rate of the implants was 91.4%. The length and shape of the miniscrews significantly influenced the success rate, whereas side of insertion (left or right), screw diameter and skeletal type showed no significant effects. Poor (soft) bone quality and good (hard) bone quality are risk factors for miniscrew failure, with the best results obtained when the screws are inserted into bone of medium quality (10-15 Ncm). Conclusion: In the posterior areas of the upper jaw, long, conical miniscrews showed a significantly greater success rate. An insertion torque of 10 Ncm to 15 Ncm is also a significant index of higher success rate.
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