The endocrine basis of lactational anestrus, the causes of reproductive dysfunction after early weaning, and the relationships among LH, FSH, and prolactin (PRL) secretion and follicular development were evaluated in sows weaned 6 h after farrowing (zero-weaned, n = 8) and in normally lactating sows (n = 9). An irregular, high-frequency episodic-type pattern of LH secretion was present in the early postpartum period, irrespective of treatment, and in a proportion of sows this pattern was associated with a marked elevation of baseline LH concentrations. This pattern of LH secretion was maintained in the zero-weaned sows but LH secretion was inhibited in lactating sows, resulting in a difference (p < 0.05) in mean plasma LH between groups 72-78 h postpartum. There were no differences in FSH between groups in any period of sampling. Variable but elevated plasma PRL was observed in suckled sows but declined (p < 0.05) to basal levels within 12 h of zero-weaning. Follicular development measured at laparotomy or slaughter 96 h postpartum was greater (p < 0.05) in zero-weaned than in control sows. The development of lactational anestrus in the sow therefore requires suckling-induced inhibition of LH secretion by 78 h postpartum. This inhibition of LH release does not appear to be causally related to short-term changes in PRL secretion.

SUCKLING-INDUCED INHIBITION OF LUTEINIZING-HORMONE SECRETION AND FOLLICULAR DEVELOPMENT IN THE EARLY POSTPARTUM SOW / DE RENSIS, F; HUNTER, MG; FOXCROFT, GR. - In: BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 0006-3363. - 48(1993), pp. 964-969. [10.1095/biolreprod48.5.964]

SUCKLING-INDUCED INHIBITION OF LUTEINIZING-HORMONE SECRETION AND FOLLICULAR DEVELOPMENT IN THE EARLY POSTPARTUM SOW

DE RENSIS, Fabio;
1993

Abstract

The endocrine basis of lactational anestrus, the causes of reproductive dysfunction after early weaning, and the relationships among LH, FSH, and prolactin (PRL) secretion and follicular development were evaluated in sows weaned 6 h after farrowing (zero-weaned, n = 8) and in normally lactating sows (n = 9). An irregular, high-frequency episodic-type pattern of LH secretion was present in the early postpartum period, irrespective of treatment, and in a proportion of sows this pattern was associated with a marked elevation of baseline LH concentrations. This pattern of LH secretion was maintained in the zero-weaned sows but LH secretion was inhibited in lactating sows, resulting in a difference (p < 0.05) in mean plasma LH between groups 72-78 h postpartum. There were no differences in FSH between groups in any period of sampling. Variable but elevated plasma PRL was observed in suckled sows but declined (p < 0.05) to basal levels within 12 h of zero-weaning. Follicular development measured at laparotomy or slaughter 96 h postpartum was greater (p < 0.05) in zero-weaned than in control sows. The development of lactational anestrus in the sow therefore requires suckling-induced inhibition of LH secretion by 78 h postpartum. This inhibition of LH release does not appear to be causally related to short-term changes in PRL secretion.
SUCKLING-INDUCED INHIBITION OF LUTEINIZING-HORMONE SECRETION AND FOLLICULAR DEVELOPMENT IN THE EARLY POSTPARTUM SOW / DE RENSIS, F; HUNTER, MG; FOXCROFT, GR. - In: BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 0006-3363. - 48(1993), pp. 964-969. [10.1095/biolreprod48.5.964]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2511450
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