Between January 1982 and December 1986, 62 patients (59 male and 3 female) ranging in age from 37 to 69 years (mean 53) underwent resection of postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm. The indication for operation was angina in 23 cases (37%), congestive heart failure (CHF) in 7 (11.2%), angina and CHF in 29 (46.8%), rupture in 1; 2 patients were low symptomatic. Ventricular arrhythmias were present in 6 (9.7%) cases and previous systemic embolism in 4 (6.4%). Forty-seven (75.8%) patients had lesions of three coronary arteries with involvement of left main coronary artery in 4 cases; 10 (16.1%) had lesions of two vessels [left anterior descending (LAD) and/or right coronary artery]; 4 (6.4%) had only LAD artery involvement, and 1 had no significant coronary artery stenoses. Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) was less than 0.30 in 22% of cases, between 0.30 and 0.40 in 25.4% and greater than 0.40 in 50%. The location of the aneurysm was anterolateral or apical (83.8%), posterior (14.5%) and lateral (1.6%). Left ventricular aneurysmectomy with myocardial revascularization was performed in 61 patients (bypass/patient = 2.7), with ventricular septoplasty in 20 and concomitant mitral valve replacement in 3 patients. LAD was grafted in 59.6% of anterior aneurysm. Operative mortality (30 days) was 4.8%, the late mortality, with a follow-up between 12 and 72 months (mean 38), was 6.7% and the actuarial 5 year survival rate was 85% (91% without operative mortality). In our experience, despite no evidence of any operative risk factors, no improvement was noted in radionuclide left ventricular ejection fraction in patients undergoing aneurysmectomy with ventricular septoplasty.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Surgical therapy of post-infarct aneurysm of the left ventricle. Immediate and long-term results / Barboso G; Fragnito C; Saccani S; Beghi C; Contini SA; Tagliavini S; Ghinelli L; Fesani F.. - In: MINERVA CARDIOANGIOLOGICA. - ISSN 0026-4725. - 37:6(1989), pp. 289-297.