Anesthetized rats were sterotaxically implanted with electrodes and electrically stimulated in the lateral hypothalamus. During elevation of the S-T segment on simultaneous precordial electrocardiograms, the heart was perfused with glutaraldehyde-paraformaldehyde fixative and the major coronary arteries prepared for morphometry of luminal dimensions. A similar procedure was performed in a second group receiving intravenous arginine vasopressin (AVP) in place of hypothalamic stimulation. Elevation of the S-T segment was present in these animals as well. Control animals were implanted, not stimulated and otherwise treated in the same way. Morphometry showed that reductions of mean luminal diameter and cross-sectional area of statistical significance occurred in the two experimental groups compared to controls, suggesting that coronary spasm was the cause of the elevated S-T segments. Pooled plasma from separate groups of implanted control and hypothalamically-stimulated animals revealed substantial elevation of AVP levels in the latter raising the possibility that the neuroendocrine was involved in eliciting coronary artery spasm.
Coronary artery spasm in the rat induced by hypothalamic stimulation / Gutstein WH; Anversa P; Beghi C; Kiu G; Pacanovsky D.. - In: ATHEROSCLEROSIS. - ISSN 0021-9150. - 51:1(1984), pp. 135-142. [10.1016/0021-9150(84)90149-7]