The paper presents an experimental and a numerical investigation on precast, prestressed reinforced concrete (RC) and steel fibre reinforced concrete (SFRC) roof elements. The element investigated has a complex geometry, because it is characterized by a thin-walled open cross-section and a long span. In order to reduce the total weight of the traditional RC element and favour an industrialized production process, the structure can be made of fibre reinforced concrete. This composite presents a significant toughness after cracking that can substitute the diffused reinforcement made of common steel-welded meshes, conserving the longitudinal prestressed reinforcement. The mechanical characterization of SFRC material has found recently a shared design approach that starts with the identification of the uniaxial tension constitutive law obtained from a standardized bent notched specimen. Nevertheless, for defined casting procedures of the structure, like in prefabrication, the identification of the uniaxial tension constitutive law can be performed by a four point bending tests on suitable unnotched specimens, able to take into account the effective fibre orientation in the structure and the real nominal thickness of the critical portion of the element. The latter two different experimental test procedures (on notched or unnotched specimens) lead to significant differences in the tension softening response. For this reason SFRC tension softening relations, coming from the previously mentioned experimental tests, are analyzed in this paper in order to evaluate their effects on the structural response of this large-scale roof element. The results of the experimental tests on the roof element presented in this paper show that second-order effects drastically anticipated the achievement of the longitudinal bending moment resistance calculated following the beam theory and neglecting transverse equilibrium and in-plane cross section deformation. Two numerical models are proposed in this paper to evaluate second-order effects in the resistance assessment of the precast structure. The first one is based on a plane section approach (PSA), while the second one is based on a non-linear finite element analysis (NLFEA). Both second-order effect and uniaxial tension constitutive relationship roles are examined in relation to the global response of the structure up to failure. The final remarks, coming from a careful comparison between experimental and numerical results, highlight that the failure is mainly led by a structural behaviour, because second-order effects prevail on non-linear response of SFRC materials adopted.
On the fracture behaviour of thin-walled SFRC roof elements / M. di Prisco; D. Dozio; B. Belletti. - In: MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES. - ISSN 1359-5997. - 46:5(2013), pp. 803-829. [10.1617/s11527-012-9935-x]
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