Abstract Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PGs), are strong inhibitors of the multiplicative cycle of a wide variety of enveloped RNA and DNA viruses. Their antiviral activity is generally associated with alterations in the synthesis or maturation of specific virus proteins. In this report, we describe the effect of cyclopentenone PGA1 on the replication of influenza A virus Ulster 73 in LLC-MK2 cells. PGA1 was found to inhibit viral replication in a dose-dependent fashion and virus particle yield was reduced at a PGA1 concentration, which did not suppress protein synthesis in mock-infected cells. The kinetic of late viral protein synthesis was delayed in PGA1-treated cells till 10 h post-infection; after that period, viral polypeptide synthesis appeared to be similar in PGA1-treated as well as untreated cells both infected by Ulster 73 virus. This finding suggests that PGA1 might interfere with one or more events in the viral multiplicative cycle such as protein synthesis and assembly, correct insertion of virus polypeptides into the cell membrane and, or maturation of Ulster 73 virion particles. In particular, inhibition of viral replication in LLC-MK2 cells by PGA1 is accompanied by the induction of a cellular polypeptide of 70K molecular weight. We identified this cell protein as a heat shock protein (HSP) related to the inducible isoform of HSP 70, a polypeptide of 72K molecular weight. Induction of this polypeptide by PGA1 was found to be dose-dependent and a substantial accumulation could be seen at a PGA1 concentration that did not inhibit cell protein synthesis in uninfected cells. HSP 70 synthesis started after the beginning of PGA1 treatment and remained at the same level for at least 10 h, leading us to hypothesize that the delay of production of late Ulster 73 proteins could be the consequence of HSP 70 synthesis. These results suggest that HSP 70 could play a role in the antiviral activity of cyclopentenone PGA1 in LLC-MK2 cells. PMID: 11311427 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Inhibition by prostaglandin PGA1 on the multiplication of influenza virus is a dose-dependent effect / Conti, Giorgio; Portincasa, Pietro; Visalli, S; Chezzi, Carlo. - In: VIRUS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0168-1702. - 75 (1):(2001), pp. 43-57.

Inhibition by prostaglandin PGA1 on the multiplication of influenza virus is a dose-dependent effect

CONTI, Giorgio;PORTINCASA, Pietro;CHEZZI, Carlo
2001-01-01

Abstract

Abstract Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PGs), are strong inhibitors of the multiplicative cycle of a wide variety of enveloped RNA and DNA viruses. Their antiviral activity is generally associated with alterations in the synthesis or maturation of specific virus proteins. In this report, we describe the effect of cyclopentenone PGA1 on the replication of influenza A virus Ulster 73 in LLC-MK2 cells. PGA1 was found to inhibit viral replication in a dose-dependent fashion and virus particle yield was reduced at a PGA1 concentration, which did not suppress protein synthesis in mock-infected cells. The kinetic of late viral protein synthesis was delayed in PGA1-treated cells till 10 h post-infection; after that period, viral polypeptide synthesis appeared to be similar in PGA1-treated as well as untreated cells both infected by Ulster 73 virus. This finding suggests that PGA1 might interfere with one or more events in the viral multiplicative cycle such as protein synthesis and assembly, correct insertion of virus polypeptides into the cell membrane and, or maturation of Ulster 73 virion particles. In particular, inhibition of viral replication in LLC-MK2 cells by PGA1 is accompanied by the induction of a cellular polypeptide of 70K molecular weight. We identified this cell protein as a heat shock protein (HSP) related to the inducible isoform of HSP 70, a polypeptide of 72K molecular weight. Induction of this polypeptide by PGA1 was found to be dose-dependent and a substantial accumulation could be seen at a PGA1 concentration that did not inhibit cell protein synthesis in uninfected cells. HSP 70 synthesis started after the beginning of PGA1 treatment and remained at the same level for at least 10 h, leading us to hypothesize that the delay of production of late Ulster 73 proteins could be the consequence of HSP 70 synthesis. These results suggest that HSP 70 could play a role in the antiviral activity of cyclopentenone PGA1 in LLC-MK2 cells. PMID: 11311427 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Inhibition by prostaglandin PGA1 on the multiplication of influenza virus is a dose-dependent effect / Conti, Giorgio; Portincasa, Pietro; Visalli, S; Chezzi, Carlo. - In: VIRUS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0168-1702. - 75 (1):(2001), pp. 43-57.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2438874
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