We investigated the prevalence of stone disease and urinary stone risk factors in machinists chronically exposed to a hot environment and massive sweating, without interference of nephrotoxic metals or other lithogenic compounds. The study was performed at a glass plant and exposure to heat stress was estimated by the Wet Bulb Globe Temperature climatic index. The prevalence of nephrolithiasis on the entire population of the machinists was 8.5% (20 of 236), while the prevalence on the controls working in normal temperature was 2.4% (4 of 165) (p = 0.03). A high incidence (38.8%) of uric acid stones was present in the workers exposed to heat stress. Among the urinary stone risk indexes determined for 3 days during the 8-hour work shift on a randomly selected sample of 21 workers exposed and 21 workers not exposed to heat stress without any evidence of stone disease significant differences were found in uric acid concentration (722 +/- 195 versus 482 +/- 184 mg./l., p <0.001), specific gravity (1,026 +/- 4 versus 1,021 +/- 6, p <0.005) and pH (5.31 +/- 0.28 versus 5.64 +/- 0.54, p <0.02), respectively. Thus, high uric acid relative supersaturation was present during occupation in hot temperatures (8.67 +/- 3.49) compared to occupation in normal temperatures (4.15 +/- 2.7) (p <0.001). This study confirms that chronic dehydration represents a real lithogenic risk factor, mainly for uric acid stones, and adequate fluid intake is recommended during hot occupations.
Hot occupation and nephrolithiasis / Borghi L;Meschi T;Amato F;Novarini A;Romanelli A;Cigala F. - In: THE JOURNAL OF UROLOGY. - ISSN 0022-5347. - 150(1993), pp. 1757-1760.
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