Abstract. Glutamine and leucine are important mTORC1 modulators, although their roles are not precisely defined. In HepG2 and HeLa cells glutamine-free incubation lowers mTORC1 activity, although cell leucine is not decreased. mTORC1 activity, suppressed byamino acid-free incubation, is completely rescued only if essential amino acids (EAA) and glutamine are simultaneously restored, although cell leucine is higher in the absence than in the presence of glutamine. Thus, glutamine stimulates mTORC1 independent of cell leucine, suggesting the existence of two distinct stimulatory signals from either glutamine or EAA.
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