Hypertension was induced in rats by either renal artery stenosis or a fructose-enriched diet, and the consequent changes in plasma glucose, insulin, and triglyceride (TG) concentrations, and the steady-state plasma insulin (SSPI) and glucose (SSPG) concentrations in response to a 180-min continuous infusion of glucose and insulin in these two groups of hypertensive rats, were compared to values in a sham-operated group with normal blood pressure. Mean (+/- SEM) blood pressure was significantly higher than the control values (121 +/- 3 mm Hg) at the end of the study in rats with renal artery stenosis (178 +/- 13 mm Hg) and fructose-fed rats (151 +/- 5 mm Hg), whereas left ventricular weight was only significantly (P < .01) higher in rats with renal artery stenosis. Plasma glucose concentration was the same in all three groups, but fructose-fed rats had significantly higher plasma insulin (59 +/- 7 microU/mL) and TG (317 +/- 48 mg/dL) concentration than either sham-operated rats (30 +/- 4 microU/mL and 121 mg/dL) or rats with renal artery stenosis (34 +/- 5 microU/mL and 124 +/- 14 mg/dL). Although SSPI concentrations were similar (approximately 250 microU/mL) in all three groups of rats, SSPG concentrations were significantly higher (P < .01) in the fructose-fed rats (187 +/- 10 mg/dL) than in either sham-operated normotensive rats (120 +/- 6 mg/dL) or hypertensive rats with renal artery stenosis (133 +/- 4 mg/dL). Thus, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia developed in rats with fructose-induced hypertension, whereas none of these changes were seen in rats with renal artery stenosis.
Comparison of the metabolic changes in rats with hypertension secondary to fructose feeding or renal artery stenosis / Dall'Aglio E; Tosini P; Zavaroni I; Olivetti G; Reaven GM. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION. - ISSN 0895-7061. - vol. 8(1995), pp. 524-527.