A neuromuscular disorder is reported in two brothers, aged 28 and 38 years, with glycogenosis type III. Both patients had proximal weakness, pseudohypertrophy of sternocleidomastoid, trapezius and quadriceps muscles, mild distal wasting and myopathic EMG changes. Pseudohypertrophy was more evident in the younger brother, whereas weakness was prominent in the older one. In the former, muscle biopsy revealed vacuolar myopathy and virtual absence of amylo-1,6-glucosidase enzyme. Few familial cases of debrancher deficiency neuromuscular disorder have been reported. Distal wasting has been considered a quite characteristic manifestation of the disease. It is also suggested that this particular kind of pseudohypertrophy may represent a distinctive feature of glycogenosis type III.
Debrancher defic¬ien¬cy neuro¬muscular disorder with pseudohypertrophy in two brothers / Marbini A.; Gemignani F.; Saccardi F.; Rimoldi M.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0340-5354. - 236(1989), pp. 416-420.
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