The present study was designed to compare insulin extraction by the liver following oral glucose administrations of different size, in order to evaluate insulin removal by the liver in relation to the insulin exposure, and to the amount of ingested glucose. Insulin secretion by the pancreas was estimated by the measurement of peripheral C-peptide levels, and insulin extraction by the liver by the analysis of peripheral C-peptide to insulin ratios and relations. Ten healthy subjects (5 males and 5 females), aged 16 to 66 yr, with normal bw, and without family history of diabetes mellitus were investigated by means of the administration, on alternate days, of 50 and 150 g oral glucose loads. After the 150 g oral glucose load plasma glucose levels were significantly higher than after the 50 g oral glucose administration: glucose incremental areas of 1.45 +/- 0.12 vs. 0.55 +/- 0.04 mmol/l X min, respectively (p less than 0.001). Similarly, insulin concentrations were significantly higher following 150 g than after 50 g glucose ingestion: insulin incremental areas of 0.52 +/- 0.09 vs. 0.20 +/- 0.04 nmol/l X min (p less than 0.001). Also C-peptide levels were higher after 150 vs. 50 g oral glucose load: C-peptide incremental areas of 1.85 +/- 0.41 vs. 0.64 +/- 0.13 nmol/l X min (p less than 0.01). C-peptide to insulin molar ratios were similar during the two glucose challenge, and averaged 5.25 +/- 0.42 vs. 5.08 +/- 0.50 after 50 and 150 g oral glucose loads, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Fractional hepatic extraction of insulin in man: is it constant? / Bonora E; Capretti L; Manicardi V; Zavaroni I; Coscelli C; Butturini U. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0391-4097. - 10 (1)(1987), pp. 45-49.
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