OBJECTIVES: Few data exist on contemporary outcomes after conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) in the elderly. Accordingly, we evaluated contemporary outcomes and identified predictors of reduced survival in a large series of octogenarians undergoing AVR. METHODS: The Regione Emilia Romagna Cardiac Surgery registry (RERIC) database (n = 2 6938) was queried for clinical features, hospital and mid-term outcomes of octogenarians undergoing AVR between 2003 and 2009. Predictors of hospital and mid-term mortality were identified. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 638 patients. NYHA class III-IV, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, extra-cardiac arteriopathy, mostly exacerbated patients' clinical profile. Mean log-EuroSCORE was 13.0%. Overall hospital mortality and stroke rates were 4.5% and 1.3%, respectively. Other post-operative complications included renal failure (4.9%), intubation time >48 h (3.4%), complete atrio-ventricular block (4.4%). NYHA III-IV (OR = 2.7; CI 95%:1.2-6.7) and CCS III-IV (OR = 3.1; CI 95%:1.1-9.4) emerged as independent predictors of hospital mortality on multivariate analysis. At 6 years, octogenarians' survival rate was similar to the expected survival of the age- and sex-matched regional population. CCS III-IV (HR = 2.1; CI 95%:1.2-4), preoperative creatinine > 2.1 (HR = 2.8; CI 95%:1.4-5.9), extra-cardiac arteriopathy (HR = 1.5; CI 95%:1.1-2.1) and peripheral neurological dysfunction (HR = 3.8; CI 95%:1.4-10.4) emerged as independent risk factors for decreased 6 years' survival. CONCLUSIONS: This study, showing that contemporary outcomes after AVR are excellent, may help to improve treatment decision-making in elderly patients with aortic valve disease.
Contemporary outcomes of conventional aortic valve replacement in 638 octogenarians: insights from an Italian Regional Cardiac Surgery Registry (RERIC) / M. Di Eusanio; D. Fortuna; D. Cristell; P. Pugliese; F. Nicolini; D. Pacini; D. Gabbieri; M. Lamarra. RERIC (Emilia Romagna Cardiac Surgery Registry) Investigators.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1010-7940. - 41(2012), pp. 1247-1252. [10.1093/ejcts/ezr204]