The pulmonary sequestration is an anatomical condition with as isle of pulmonary tissue independent from tracheobronchial tree. This tissue has an independent artery originated from aorta. Anatomically we can have two types of sequestration. The first is the condition of an isle of pulmonary tissue included without any separation in the lobe; this condition in named intra-lobar sequestration. On the other hand we have a second condition with an isle of independent pulmonary tissue surrounded with independent pleura; the last one is named extra-lobar sequestration. In the present article the authors describe a case of extralobar sequestration in a two years old girl. The symptoms presented by the girl were hyperpyrexia, tough and recurrent bronchopulmonary infections. The girl underwent surgery removal of sequestration. The authors describe their experience, the importance of symptomatology and the anatomo-pathologic characteristics of this lesions.
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