The Homing Diarrhea, described by Duhamel and Rey in 1980, represents a gastrointestinal disease which affects children of emigrants coming back from a trip to their country of origin and may become so serious to cause death secondary to dehydration or septicemia. The poor nutritional conditions at the beginning of the trip (secondary to low socioeconomic situation) and the onset of acute enteritis during the travel, caused by Salmonella or Shigella, E. Coli, Campylobacter, Myceti, Giardia Lamblia, Rotavirus, are considered the main and triggering factors of the homing diarrhea. Intensive care can be necessary to interrupt the sequence constituted by diarrhea-malnutrition-dehydration. Therefore prophylaxis, including good basal nutritional conditions and the use of p.o. glucose-electrolyte solutions at the beginning of the acute enteric episode appears to be the most effective measure to prevent the onset of the disease. A case of homing diarrhea is reported.
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