Stimulus-response compatibility effects have been hypothesized to result (a) from a subject's innate tendency to respond in the direction of the source of stimulation, (b) from a correspondence between the spatial codes associated with the effector and the stimulus, or (c) from an attentional bias favoring the effector located in the same hemispace as the command signal. Two experiments were conducted to test these three hypotheses. In Experiment 1 the subjects were requested to make unimanual discriminative key-pressing responses to two light stimuli, both appearing to either the right or left of the fixation point. In one condition the two hands were in anatomical position (uncrossed); in the other they were crossed. The procedure of Experiment 2 was similar to that of Experiment 1 with the exception that both hands, always in an uncrossed position, were placed on the same side of the body midline (on the right or left). The results showed that the compatibility effect depends on a correspondence between the spatial codes associated with the location of the effector and the location of the command stimulus.
Spatial compatibility effects on the same side of the body midline / R. Nicoletti; G.P. Anzola; G. Luppino; G. Rizzolatti; C. Umiltà. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. - ISSN 0096-1523. - 8(1982), pp. 664-673.
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