Endothelial cells express tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors, but the function of TRAIL in endothelial cells is not completely understood. We explored the role of TRAIL in regulation of key intracellular signal pathways in endothelial cells. The addition of TRAIL to primary human endothelial cells increased phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), NOS activity, and NO synthesis. Moreover, TRAIL induced cell migration and cytoskeleton reorganization in an NO-dependent manner. TRAIL did not activate the NF-kappaB or COX-2 pathways in endothelial cells. Instead, TRAIL increased prostanoid production (PGE2=PGI2>TXA2), which was preferentially inhibited by the COX-1 inhibitor SC-560. Because NO and prostanoids play a crucial role in the state of blood vessel vasodilatation and angiogenesis, our data suggest that TRAIL might play an important role in endothelial cell function.
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) sequentiallyupregulates nitric oxide and prostanoid production in primary human endothelialcells / ZAULI G.; PANDOLFI A.; GONELLI A.; DI PIETRO R.; GUARNIERI S.; CIABATTONI G.; RANA R.; VITALE M.; SECCHIERO P.. - In: CIRCULATION RESEARCH. - ISSN 0009-7330. - 92(7)(2003), pp. 732-740. [10.1161/01.RES.0000067928.83455.9C]