The regulation of the hematopoietic stem cell pool size and the processes of cell differentiation along the hematopoietic lineages involve apoptosis. Among the different factors with a recognized activity on blood progenitor cells, TRAIL - a member of the TNF family of cytokines - has an emerging role in the modulation of normal hematopoiesis.PKC(epsilon) levels are regulated by EPO in differentiating erythroid progenitors and control the protection against the apoptogenic effect of TRAIL. EPO-induced erythroid CD34 cells are insensitive to the apoptogenic effect of TRAIL between day 0 and day 3, due to the lack of specific surface receptors expression. Death receptors appear after day 3 of differentiation and consequently erythroid cells become sensitive to TRAIL up to day 9/10, when the EPO-driven up-regulation of PKC epsilon intracellular levels inhibits the TRAIL-mediated apoptosis, via Bcl-2. In the time interval between day 3 and 9, therefore, the number of erythroid progenitors can be limited by the presence of soluble or membrane-bound TRAIL present in the bone marrow microenvironment.
TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and erythropoiesis: a role for PKC epsilon / VITALE M.; GOBBI G.; MIRANDOLA P.; PONTI C.; SPONZILLI I.; RINALDI L.; MANZOLI FA.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HISTOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1121-760X. - 50(2006), pp. 15-18.