The accessibility of the sulfhydryl-specific dye 6-iodoacetamidofluorescein (IAF) to H3 histone has been studied in isolated rat liver nuclei and mononucleosomal core particles after treatment with phosphatidylserine (PS) multilamellar vesicles (MLV). In isolated nuclei, despite the enhancement of total RNA synthesis and the massive chromatin decondensation produced by liposomes, the amount of histone H3 which can be labelled with the dye remains essentially the same in PS-treated as in control nuclei. However, when mononucleosomal core particles, treated with PS vesicles, are reacted with IAF, H3 becomes derivatized by the dye, while controls do not. These data provide additional evidence that the metabolic and structural changes observed in isolated nuclei treated with PS MLV, are due mainly to the reported removal of histone H1. Moreover, the experiments reported confirm the usefulness of IAF in studying the changes of nucleosome organization, since PS is able to affect the nucleosomal core configuration in isolated nucleosome particles, derivatizing the buried cysteine groups of H3 histone.
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