Photoreceptor flavoproteins of the LOV, BLUF, and cryptochrome families are ubiquitous among the three domains of life and are configured as UVA/blue-light systems not only in plants—their original arena—but also in prokaryotes and microscopic algae. Here, we review these proteins’ structure and function, their biological roles, and their evolution and impact in the living world, and underline their growing application in biotechnologies. We present novel developments such as the interplay of light and redox stimuli, emerging enzymatic and biological functions, lessons on evolution from picoalgae, metagenomics analysis, and optogenetics applications.
The Evolution of Flavin-Binding Photoreceptors: An Ancient Chromophore Serving Trendy Blue-Light Sensors / A.Losi; W. Gärtner. - In: ANNUAL REVIEW OF PLANT BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1543-5008. - 63(2012), pp. 49-72. [10.1146/annurev-arplant-042811-105538]