We consider the motion of shallow two-dimensional gravity currents of a purely viscous and relatively heavy power-law fluid of flow behavior index n in a uniform saturated porous layer above a horizontal impermeable boundary, driven by the release from a point source of a volume of fluid increasing with time like t^α. The equation of motion for power-law fluids in porous media is a modified Darcy’s law taking into account the nonlinearity of the rheological equation. Coupling the flow law with the mass balance equation yields a nonlinear differential problem which admits a self-similar solution describing the shape of the current, which spreads like t^(α+n )/(2+n), generalizing earlier results for Newtonian fluids. For the particular values α = 0 and 2, closed-form solutions are derived; else, a numerical integration is required; the numerical scheme is tested against the analytical solutions. Two additional analytical approximations, valid for any α, are presented. The space-time development of the gravity current is discussed for different flow behavior indexes.
Similarity solutions for spreading of a two-dimensional non-Newtonian gravity current in a porous layer / V. Di Federico; R. Archetti; S. Longo. - In: JOURNAL OF NON-NEWTONIAN FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0377-0257. - 177-178(2012), pp. 46-53. [10.1016/j.jnnfm.2012.04.003]