The use of droplet-based microfluidics and peptide nucleic acid molecular beacons for the detection of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified DNA sequences within nanoliter-sized droplets is described in this work. The nanomolar–attomolar detection capabilities of the method were preliminarily tested by targeting two different singlestranded DNA sequences from the genetically modified Roundup Ready soybean and the Olea europaea genomes and detecting the fluorescence generated by peptide nucleic acid molecular beacons with fluorescence microscopy. Furthermore, the detection of 10 nM solutions of PCR amplicon of DNA extracted from leaves of O. europaea L. encapsulated in nanoliter-sized droplets was performed to demonstrate that peptide nucleic acid molecular beacons can discriminate O. europaea L. cultivar species carrying different singlenucleotide polymorphisms.
Peptide nucleic acid molecular beacons for the detection of PCR amplicons in droplet-based microfluidic devices / Laura Maria Zanoli;Marco Licciardello;Roberta D’Agata;Claudia Lantano;Alessandro Calabretta;Roberto Corradini;Rosangela Marchelli;Giuseppe Spoto. - In: ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1618-2642. - 405:2-3(2013), pp. 615-624. [10.1007/s00216-011-5638-3]